Cape Coast Municipal District
|Cape Coast Municipal District|
|District Chief Executive||Mercy Arhin|
|Population density||875 Ew. / km²|
The Cape Coast Municipal District is one of 13 districts in the Central Region of Ghana and is located on the Gulf of Guinea . Cape Coast Municipal is one of the few of the 138 districts in Ghana classified as municipal , ie “urban”. This classification results from the dominant position of the city of Cape Coast within the district.
Mostly members of the Fante people live in Cape Coast Municipal , with a greater proportion of ethnic groups from other parts of Ghana in the city of Cape Coast than in the rural surroundings. The city of Cape Coast is the only one of the district's 72 settlements with an urban character; two-thirds of the entire district's population live here.
Today's Cape Coast Municipal District roughly corresponds to the former Fanti state Fetu , which was reported by the first European explorers and merchants on the Gold Coast . Fetu was one of several small states of the Fanti. The ancestors of today's residents had migrated here from the north from the Techiman area in the 14th century . Its first foundation was the place Effutu in the north of the district, from whose name the name Fetu developed. In 1380 they founded a fishing village called Oguaa ( Fante for "market"), which later became Cape Coast.
The Portuguese already had a trading post here in Oguaa / Cape Coast and the Dutch built a fortress in 1638, which later became Cape Coast Castle . From 1664 until the late 19th century, Cape Coast was the headquarters of the British on the Gold Coast. For more details see the chapter History under Cape Coast .
The area of today's district belonged to both the loose, first Fanti Confederation , which had developed around 1700 to protect against the expanding Ashanti Empire and the Akyem Empire , and the anti-colonial Fanti Confederation from 1868 to 1872.
Despite the dominance of Cape Coast within the district, 70% of the commercially active population is employed in agriculture (predominantly subsistence farming ) and fishing. Agriculture has its focus in the northern part of the district, fishing is the most important factor on the coast. There are around 70 rural settlements in the district.
Around two thirds of the arable land is currently being cultivated, the main products being plantains , yams , corn and cassava . Coconut palms are also traditionally planted and cultivated. In the 1980s and 1990s, however, the Cape Saint Paul Wilt disease, which broke out across the entire coastline, caused a devastating setback from which the coast is only slowly recovering. Animal breeding (chickens, sheep, goats, etc.) has experienced a certain boom in recent years.
A modest industry makes soap and processes palm oil and other agricultural products. Tourism is also worth mentioning as an economic factor.
Cape Coast is known within Ghana as a city of education. As early as 1862 there was a first secondary school in Cape Coast, and in 1962 the University of Cape Coast was founded here (see also educational institutions in Cape Coast ).
Climate and environment
The seasonal changes in the climate in the district are determined less by changes in the (consistently high) temperature than by the change between the rainy season and the dry season.
The original dense forest vegetation has almost completely disappeared due to various human influences (cultivation, charcoal production, etc.), only in the less densely populated northern area still exists secondary forest .
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