Central Region (Ghana)

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Central region
Ahafo Region Ashanti Region Bono Region Bono East Region Central Region Eastern Region Greater Accra Region North East Region Northern Ghana Oti Region Savannah Region Upper East Region Upper West Region Volta Region Western Region Western North Regionmap
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country GhanaGhana Ghana
Capital Cape Coast
District number 22nd
surface 9,826 km²
population 2,563,200 (2019)
Population density 261 Ew. / km²
ISO 3166-2 GH-CP

The Central Region ( dt. "Central Region") is a region of Ghana with the capital Cape Coast .


The region is located in the south of the country and borders the Western Region in the west, the Western North Region in the northwest , the Ashanti Region and the Eastern Region in the north and the Greater Accra Region in the east . In the south lies the Atlantic Ocean .


The region is mainly inhabited by Fante , whose language is one of the nine state-sponsored written languages ​​of Ghana , while members of other Akan peoples live in the northern part . Awutu (also called Efutu) is spoken around Winneba , the region's second largest city . However, Fanti is also used by these as a second language. About a third of the population lives in the urban centers.

Population development

Census year population
1960 751.392
1970 890.135
1984 1,142,335
2000 1,593,823
2010 2,201,863


The region is the area of ​​Ghana that came into contact with Europeans first and most intensively. The Portuguese fortress Elmina was the first permanent European base ever in sub-Saharan Africa in 1482 . Several other forts that were built by various European powers can be found lined up along the coast, sometimes only a few kilometers apart. For centuries the Fante engaged in intensive trade and cultural exchange with the Europeans, and in the 18th and 19th centuries they allied themselves closely with the British against the Ashanti, who were enemies with them (because they were competing) . Spatially, the region largely coincides with the so-called Fantifederation , which from 1868 to 1873 was the first serious attempt at anti-colonial "self-government" in West Africa. The region was the nucleus of the British Crown Colony of Gold Coast and, as a result of these intensive contacts during the independence of Ghana, housed the best educated and mostly literate population in West Africa.


The region has a well-developed road network and is crossed by the Accra - Sekondi-Takoradi railway line . A disproportionately high share of the Ghanaian gross national product is generated here. Tourism is of growing importance due to the attractive beaches and historical sights.

Cape Coast is home to the University of Cape Coast , one of the largest universities in the country.

Administrative structure

The region is divided into 22 districts :

District main place
Abura / Asebu / Kwamankese Dunkwa
Agona East Nsaba
Agona West Municipal Swedru
Ajumako / Enyan / Essiam Ajumako
Asikuma / Odoben / Brakwa Breman Asikuma
Assin Central Municipal Nanton
Assin North Assin Bereku
Assin South Nsuaem-Kyekyewere
Awutu Senya East Municipal Kasoa
Awutu Senya West Awutu Breku
Cape Coast Metropolitan Cape Coast
Effutu Municipal Winneba
Ekumfi Apam
Gomoa Central Afransi
Gomoa East Potsin
Gomoa West Essarkyir
Komenda / Edina / Eguafo / Abirem Municipal Elmina
Mfantseman Municipal Saltpond
Twifo Atti Morkwa Twifo Praso
Twifo / Heman / Lower Denkyira Heman
Upper Denkyira East Municipal Dunkwa-On-Offin
Upper Denkyira West Diaso

Web links

Commons : Central Region  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. 2010 Population & Housing Census ( Memento from July 12, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF document, 5.5 MB, English)
  2. District list on ghanadistricts.gov.gh, accessed December 18, 2019