Greater Accra Region
|Greater Accra Region|
|Population density||1523 Ew. / km²|
The Greater Accra Region ( Eng. "Greater Accra Region") is a region of Ghana with the capital Accra . It is the smallest of all regions (1.36% of the total area of the country) and the most densely populated.
The region is located in the southeast of the country and borders the Central Region in the west, the Eastern Region in the northwest and the Volta Region in the northeast . In the south lies the Atlantic Ocean .
The population doubled from 1984 to 2000 mainly due to immigration from other parts of Ghana. Age structure and other indicators suggest, however, that the “fertility rate”, that is, population growth through births, excluding immigration, has been well below the national average in recent years.
The region's population consists of several indigenous peoples and people from all over Ghana who have immigrated in the past few decades. The largest single ethnic group in the region is the Ga with around 19% of the total population, closely followed by the Ewe with around 18%. If you look at the larger ethnic groups, the Akan peoples dominate with around 40%, followed by the Ga-Adangme with almost 30% and the Ewe with 18%. Within the Akan peoples, the Fante and Ashanti are the largest ethnic groups, followed by the Akwapim .
More than 80% of the population are Christians. In Accra there is a high proportion of Muslims for southern Ghana (12%). In terms of adherence to traditional religions, there is a marked difference between the metropolitan districts of Accra and Tema , where only 0.6% of the population adheres to traditional religions, and the more rural two Dangme districts, where 11% and 8% respectively profess traditional religions.
In particular, the figures for the followers of traditional religions are only of limited significance. A high percentage of the population of Ghana describe themselves as Christians or Muslims, but have no problem visiting traditional shrines if they have special problems or concerns .
The most historical part of the region is the city of Accra. Founded by the Ga in the 15th century to trade with the Europeans, three European powers built fortresses here: the British , Dutch and Swedes . Declared the capital of what was then the Gold Coast crown colony in 1877 , Accra soon became the political and economic center of the country - and also the center of resistance against colonial rule (for more details see History of Accra ). After independence, Ghana's first president, Kwame Nkrumah, declared Accra to be the “capital and growth center of the national economy” of Ghana and promoted the city accordingly. In 1960 it was separated as a region from the Eastern Region .
The Accra / Tema region is the economic and administrative heart of Ghana. Tema is home to the most important port in the country, the international airport Kotoka International Airport near Accra is the most important airport and both cities are connected by rail with the two important economic centers Sekondi-Takoradi and Kumasi . Only in the rural Dangme districts do half of the workforce still work in agriculture and fishing.
The region is divided into 29 districts :
- 2010 Population & Housing Census ( Memento from July 12, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF document, 5.5 MB, English)
- District list on ghanadistricts.gov.gh, accessed December 19, 2019
- Greater Accra Region on ghanadistricts.gov.gh