Carlos Maria de Bourbon

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Carlos Maria de Bourbon, Prince of Naples and Sicily
Coat of arms of Carlos Maria de Bourbon

Carlos Maria von Bourbon , Italian Carlo Maria Francesco d'Assisi Pasquale Ferdinando Antonio di Padova Francesco de Paola Alfonso Andrea Avelino Tancredi di Borbone delle Due Sicilie, (born November 10, 1870 in Gries-Quirein , † November 11, 1949 in Seville ) was the nephew of the last King of the Two Sicilies, Franz II. King Juan Carlos I of Spain is his grandson.


Prince Carlo, as he was originally called, was the second son of Alfons Maria of Naples-Sicily and his wife Maria Antonia of Naples-Sicily , the daughter of Francesco Luigi, Count of Trapani and Maria Isabella of Austria . His paternal grandparents were Ferdinand II of Naples-Sicily and Maria Theresa of Austria . After the death of his uncle Franz II in 1894, his father Alfons became head of the House of Bourbon Sicilies, which had been deposed in 1861, through the death of his two older brothers, placing Carlo third in this line of succession after his father and older brother Ferdinand moved up.

After his first marriage, Carlo settled in Spain. After the fall of the monarchy, with the beginning of the Second Spanish Republic in 1931, he left Spain with his family and since then has lived in Italy, England and Switzerland.

He was a knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece and holder of the Grand Cross of the Order of the Tower and the Sword .

Renunciation of the throne and subsequent revocation

When Carlo the Spanish heir to the throne Princess María de las Mercedes de Borbón , sister of the reigning King Alfonso XIII. , wanted to get married, the following dynastic problem arose: King Charles III. of Spain , who had founded the Napolitan-Sicilian line of the Bourbons in 1735, had decreed the separation of the Spanish main line from the Sicilian secondary line in a pragmatic sanction when he ascended the throne on October 6, 1759 . This decree would have been undermined by a simultaneous succession to the throne of Carlo in Naples and Madrid, which would inevitably come about through the marriage to the Spanish heir to the throne, at least as long as her royal brother did not produce any descendants of his own. Therefore, on December 14, 1900, in the “ Cannes Act ”, he renounced his Sicilian right to the throne, acquired Spanish citizenship and, while Hispanicized his first name in “Carlos”, assumed the title of Infante of Spain.

When Carlos 'older brother, the Sicilian heir to the throne Prince Ferdinand, died in 1960 at the age of ninety-one without male descendants, a dispute for succession to the throne broke out between the remaining brother Ranieri - Carlo himself had died in 1949 - and his nephew, Carlos' eldest son Alfons Maria: the original one Reservation against the Sicilian right to the succession to the throne Carlos had lapsed after his brother-in-law King Alfonso XIII. had successively become the father of seven children, among them the Duke of Segovía and the Count of Barcelona , whose son Juan Carlos came to power in Spain in 1975 after the end of the Francoist era.

With this argument, Prince Alfons Maria now denied his uncle Ranieri the first place in the line of succession, which he was entitled to as the next agnate entitled to inherit after the Cannes Act . King Juan Carlos I, a nephew of Alfons, followed this line of argument and considered Alfons' son Prince Carlo Maria (1938-2015), Duke of Calabria, or after his death the eldest son Pedro (* 1968) as the rightful pretender to the throne of both Sicily. On the other hand, the Ranier line, whose current head, Prince Carlo (* 1963), Duke of Castro, Ranieri's eldest grandson, also lays claim to the Sicilian line to the throne, fights to this day.

Marriages and offspring

On February 14, 1901, Prince Carlo Maria married Infanta María de las Mercedes of Spain , Princess of Asturias, daughter of King Alfonso XII. and Queen Maria Christina of Spain . They had three children

  • Alfonso (1901–1964), Duke of Calabria ⚭ 1936 Alicia Maria von Bourbon-Parma (* 1917)
  • Fernando (1903-1905)
  • Isabella Alfonsa (1904–1985) ⚭ 1929 Jan de Kanty Zamoyski , Count Saryusz von Zamoysc-Zamoyski (1900–1961)

After his first wife died in childbed, Carlos married Princess Louise Françoise Marie Laure d'Orléans , the youngest daughter of the French pretender Prince Louis Philippe Albert d'Orléans, comte de Paris and Princess Maria on November 16, 1907 in Wood Norton / England Isabella d'Orléans-Montpensier . The marriage had four children:

Web links

Commons : Carlos Maria de Bourbon  - Collection of images, videos and audio files