|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|District :||Ouest lausannois|
|BFS no. :||5627|
|Postal code :||1022|
|Coordinates :||533 895 / 154 017|
|Height :||415 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||374–432 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||1.65 km²|
|Residents:||7727 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||4683 inhabitants per km²|
|Unemployment rate :||5.6% (May 31, 2,015)|
|Location of the municipality|
Chavannes-près-Renens is a municipality in the district of Ouest lausannois in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Chavannes-près-Renens lies at 415 m above sea level. M. , 4.5 km northwest of the canton capital Lausanne (air line). The urban community of Lausanne extends on a plateau between the Sorge streams in the west and Mèbre in the east, north of Lake Geneva .
The area of the 1.7 km² municipal area covers a small section in the west of Lausanne. The river of Sorge forms the western and southern borders. This flows in a valley and takes on the name Chamberonne below the mouth of the Mèbre . In the north, the municipality extends to a terrace at the foot of the slopes adjoining Lake Geneva to the north. Below Renens is 422 m above sea level. M. reached the highest point of Chavannes-près-Renens. In 1997, 62% of the municipal area was in settlements, 8% in forests and woodlands, 29% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.
Neighboring municipalities to Chavannes-près-Renens are Renens , Lausanne , Ecublens and Crissier . The settlement area of Chavannes-près-Renens has merged seamlessly with those of the surrounding communities.
With 7,727 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Chavannes-près-Renens is one of the larger municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 73.5% of the residents are French-speaking, 6.4% Italian-speaking and 4.6% German-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Chavannes-près-Renens grew strongly, especially in the first decade of the 20th century, but remained stable for a long time thereafter. Since 1950 there has been a rapid increase in population with a fivefold increase in the number of inhabitants within 40 years. Since 1990 only minor fluctuations have been recorded.
Until the first half of the 20th century, Chavannes-près-Renens was a predominantly agricultural village. Thanks to its vegetable crops, the village became particularly well known in the inter-war period. Today, however, only one company is active in the primary sector (vegetable and flower crops).
The first mills on both the Sorge and Mèbre streams are mentioned as early as the end of the Middle Ages . A paper mill was established at the end of the 18th century. After 1900, numerous craft and industrial businesses settled in the upper part of the village near the Renens train station. From 1902 to 1971 the company Poterie moderne SA was in operation, which used the clay deposits near Chavannes. Today the industry concentrates on the production of grinding machines, industrial diamonds and industrial brushes, in addition there are companies in the furniture industry and the food industry.
Numerous other jobs are available in the service sector. In the last few decades the village has also developed into a residential community, from which many workers work in Lausanne.
Education, culture and sport
Since the early 1970s, Chavannes-près-Renens has developed into an educational, cultural and sports center. The Collège de la Concorde was founded in 1972, the Collège intercommunal de la Planta in 1977 and the La Plaine school and sports center in 1986. The University of Lausanne has also been represented in Chavannes-près-Renens with the buildings of the Philosophical Faculty since 1977. The Swiss Ceramic School also existed from 1912 to 1969. The State Archives opened in 1985.
The community is very well developed in terms of transport. It has good transport links to Lausanne and the A1 motorway . However, the municipality and settlement area is divided in two by the western motorway feeder from Lausanne, which opened in 1964 . Chavannes-près-Renens is connected to the public transport network through the Transports publics de la région Lausannoise (bus lines and M1 light rail ).
The municipal area of Chavannes-près-Renens was settled very early, which is proven by finds from the Bronze and Roman Ages as well as from the early Middle Ages . The first written mention of the place took place in 1272 under the name Chavanes ; In 1378 the name Cabanae appeared . The place name is derived from the late Latin word capanna ( hut , small courtyard ).
Since the Middle Ages , Chavannes-près-Renens has been owned by the Lausanne cathedral chapter and the lords of Ecublens. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, the village came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Lausanne . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Chavannes-près-Renens belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Morges district. Only since 1966 has Chavannes-Epenex formed its own parish, before it belonged to the parish of Ecublens.
- Official website of the municipality of Chavannes-près-Renens (French)
- François Béboux: Chavannes-près-Renens. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ↑ Demandeurs d'emploi, chômeurs et taux de chômage par commune. ( XLS , 115 kB) Statistique Vaud, Département des finances et des relations extérieures (Statistics Vaud, Department of Finance and Foreign Affairs), accessed on June 14, 2015 (French).