|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5625|
|Postal code :||1136|
|Height range :||475–608 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||3.07 km²|
|Residents:||375 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||122 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Bussy-Chardonney is located 5 km northwest of the district capital Morges (as the crow flies). The double community extends on a slope slightly sloping to the southeast in the Vaudois Central Plateau , in a panoramic position in the hinterland of Morges.
The area of the 3.1 km² municipal area covers a section of the Vaud Central Plateau in the Lake Geneva region. The community soil extends from the Morges river westward over a valley basin , which is drained by the Curbit , to the west adjoining heights at Chardonney. Above Chardonney is at the highest point of the municipality. In 1997, 9% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 8% for forests and woodlands and 83% for agriculture.
With 375 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Bussy-Chardonney is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 88.1% of the residents are French-speaking, 4.5% German-speaking and 2.7% Italian-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Bussy-Chardonney was 228 in 1860 and 234 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 178 by 1970, a rapid increase in population began with a doubling of the population within 30 years.
Bussy-Chardonney was a predominantly agricultural village until the middle of the 20th century . Even today, agriculture and viticulture have a certain importance in the income structure of the population. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. A mill had been in operation on the Curbit since the 18th century; from 1793 to 1909 there was also a brick factory, which is still evidenced by the field name La Tuilière. Today the Bussy warehouse houses the Union des coopératives agricoles romande (UCAR). In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community. Many workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in Morges.
The community has good transport connections. It is located at the crossroads of the main roads Morges - Bière and Aubonne - Cossonay . The Morges-Ouest motorway junction on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 is around 5 km from Bussy. On July 1, 1895, the narrow-gauge railway Bière-Apples-Morges with stops in Bussy and Chardonney was put into operation.
Bussy and Chardonney were probably founded by monks from the Lac de Joux ( L'Abbaye ) abbey , who owned the villages. Bussy was first mentioned in a document in 1059 under the name Bussi , and in 1223 the spelling Bussie appeared . The place name is derived from the Latin word buxus ( box tree ). Chardonney is first mentioned as Chardenai in 1225 and as Chardonne in 1324 and was also called Bussy-Dessus during the Ancien Régime .
In the 14th century Bussy and Chardonney came to the Romainmôtier Abbey , later to the rule of Vufflens. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Bussy-Chardonney came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . During the time in Bern it formed its own small rule. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 Bussy-Chardonney was first assigned to the Aubonne district, and in 1803 it came to the Morges district.
Before 1744, Bussy and Chardonney formed a community together. At the request of Jean-Rodolphe Dachselhofer , who also called himself Mr. von Chardonney, the hamlet of Chardonney was separated from Bussy and made an independent municipality. From 1799 to 1819 the two villages were reunited, after which Bussy-sur-Morges and Chardonney-sur-Morges formed independent communities. On April 1, 1961, the villages merged to form today's municipality of Bussy-Chardonney.
The Saint-Pierre church in Bussy dates back to the Middle Ages and was extensively restored in 1771. The parish hall was built in 1964. In Chardonney you can find the palace built in the 18th century under Dachselhofer, which has a rich interior, including two Strasbourg tiled stoves.
- Official website of the municipality of Bussy-Chardonney (French)
- François Béboux: Bussy-Chardonneyn. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .