|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5427|
|Postal code :||1173|
|Coordinates :||517 962 / 148 408|
|Height :||495 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||377–672 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||2.70 km²|
|Residents:||861 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||319 inhabitants per km²|
View of Féchy-Dessus with the church
|Location of the municipality|
Féchy is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Féchy is 495 m above sea level. M. , 10 km west-southwest of the district capital Morges (air line). The wine-growing village extends on a small ledge in the middle of the vineyards on the southern slope of the Vaudois Côte, in a panoramic position around 120 m above lake level of Lake Geneva .
The area of the 2.7 km² municipal area covers a section of the Vaudois Côte. The communal soil extends from the edge of the shoreline of Lake Geneva northward over the plateau at the foot of the Côte and the vineyards to the height east of the Signal de Bougy , on the 675 m above sea level. M. the highest point of Féchy is reached. The area is drained by the Eau Noire stream to Lake Geneva. In 1997, 21% of the municipal area was in settlements, 7% in forests and woodlands, 71% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.
Féchy consists of three parts: Féchy-Dessus (original village), Féchy-Dessous (at the foot of the slope) and Les Cassivettes ( 600 m above sea level , a residential area on the slope of the Signal de Bougy). Féchy-Dessous is further subdivided into the settlements of Le Saugey ( 440 m above sea level ), Marterey ( 460 m above sea level ) and La Crause ( 444 m above sea level ), all located at the foot of the Côte. Neighboring municipalities to Féchy are Aubonne , Allaman , Perroy and Bougy-Villars .
With 861 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Féchy is one of the smaller municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 79.1% of the residents are French-speaking, 7.0% German-speaking and 5.7% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Féchy was 319 in 1850 and 330 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 288 by 1970, the building of new quarters has seen a rapid increase in population with a doubling of the population within 30 years.
Until the middle of the 20th century, Féchy was a predominantly agricultural village. Agriculture still plays an important role as a livelihood for the population. On the entire slope of the Côte below an altitude of 550 to 600 m above sea level. M. is operated viticulture , whereby Féchy is mainly known for its white wine. Agriculture predominates on the agricultural areas at the foot of the slope . Further jobs are available in local trade and in the service sector. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many workers are therefore commuters.
The community has good transport connections. It is located above the main road 1 , which leads from Geneva to Lausanne . The Autobahn connections Rolle and Aubonne on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 , which crosses the municipality, are each around 4 km from the village. Féchy is connected to the public transport network through the Rolle - Aubonne post bus course.
The municipality of Féchy was already populated in Roman times, as it was on the Vy-d'Etra road . Grave finds are known from the Burgundian period. The first written mention of the place took place in 1188 under the name Fescheio . Other names were Fechie , Feschi (1204), Feschie (1221) and Feschier (1467). The place name is probably derived from the Roman personal name Fescius .
Féchy has been under the Canons of the Great Saint Bernard since the Middle Ages . Since the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Féchy shared the fortunes of Aubonne and in 1701 came to the bailiffs of Aubonne. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Aubonne district.
The current reformed parish church of Saint-Sulpice was mentioned as early as 1188. Since then, it has undergone multiple modifications and was last restored in 2003. The old and compact center of Féchy-Dessus with two rows of houses along a street shows characteristic wine-growing houses from the 17th to 19th centuries. Since it has retained its original appearance, there are no new buildings in the immediate vicinity and is located in the middle of the vineyards, it often serves as a classic photo subject for a wine-growing village.
The Villa La Gordanne, a country house in Greco-Roman style, built in the 19th century, is located near the mouth of the Eau Noire and Lake Geneva. The house with a cylindrical floor plan and flat dome has a portico with three Ionic columns and a triangular pediment facing the lake; there is an orangery in the park.
- Phil Collins lives in Féchy.
- Official website of the municipality of Féchy (French)
- Germain Hausmann: Féchy. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ↑ drum roll and off. In: sueddeutsche.de. March 7, 2011, accessed March 7, 2011 .