|VD is the abbreviation for the canton of Vaud in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Mollens .|
|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5431|
|Postal code :||1146|
|Height range :||665–1598 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||10.99 km²|
|Residents:||283 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||26 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
The area of the 11.0 km² municipal area covers a section of the western edge zone of the Vaud Central Plateau and the Vaud Jura. The eastern part of the municipality lies in the area of the Jura foot plateau and is bounded by the Veyron stream. To the west, the municipality extends over the densely forested steep slope ( Côte de Mollens ) of the foremost Jura chain to the anticline of Mont Tendre. On the western slope above the Jura high pasture Pré de Mollens is the highest point of Mollens. In 1997, 2% of the municipal area was in settlements, 50% in forests and woodlands, 47% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.
With 283 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Mollens is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 93.8% of the residents are French-speaking, 4.0% German-speaking and 1.1% Italian-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Mollens was 481 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 214 by 1990, the population has increased again since then.
Until the second half of the 20th century, Mollens was a village dominated by agriculture . While arable farming predominates at the foot of the Jura , cattle breeding and dairy farming dominate the highlands . Due to the large proportion of forests, forestry also has a certain importance. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community, which is why many workers do their work abroad.
The municipality is located on the cantonal road that leads from Bière to L'Isle . Mollens is connected to the public transport network through the Postbus course, which runs from L'Isle via Bière to Gimel .
The first written mention of the place took place in 1139 under the name Morlens , in 1228 the name Mollinges appeared . Mollens has been under the Romainmôtier monastery since the Middle Ages . Secular rule, however, was held by the lords of Mont-le-Grand ( Mont-sur-Rolle ). With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Mollens came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges and formed its own court within it. On April 5, 1798, numerous houses and the church fell victim to a fire. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Mollens belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Aubonne district.
The current construction of the church of Mollens dates from 1798. The Château de Mollens, a manor with two side wings at right angles to it, was built in 1791 based on the castle of L'Isle. Characteristic farmhouses from the 18th and 19th centuries have been preserved in the town center.
- Official website of the municipality of Mollens VD (French)
- François Béboux: Mollens (VD). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .