|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5435|
|Postal code :||1176|
|Coordinates :||519 258 / 151232|
|Height :||603 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||445–717 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||8.12 km²|
|Residents:||689 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||85 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Saint-Livres is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Saint-Livres lies at 603 m above sea level. M. , 8 km west of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The village extends over the valley of the Aubonne , on a south-sloping slope of the Jura foot plateau, in a panoramic position around 230 m above lake level of Lake Geneva .
The area of the 8.1 km² municipal area includes a section of the Jura foot plateau. The western border always forms the valley of the Aubonne, which is cut deep into the molasse layers of the plateau. To the east, the municipality extends over the slopes of Saint-Livres, which slopes slightly to the south, to the course of the Boiron . The plateau in the northern part of the municipality is occupied by extensive forests, namely the Bois Robert ( 691 m above sea level ) and the Bois d'Etoy , in which at 717 m above sea level. M. the highest point of Saint-Livres is reached. This forest area is crossed by the dry valley of Les Léchères , which once served as a meltwater channel on the edge of the Ice Age Rhone glacier . In 1997, 7% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 44% by forests and woodlands and 49% by agriculture.
Some farm settlements and individual farms belong to Saint-Livres. The neighboring municipalities of Saint-Livres are Bière , Montherod , Aubonne , Lavigny and Yens .
With 689 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Saint-Livres is one of the smaller municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 91.8% of the residents are French-speaking, 3.5% German-speaking and 1.9% English-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Saint-Livres was 486 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 354 by 1980, a significant increase has been recorded since then.
Until the second half of the 20th century, Saint-Livres was a predominantly agricultural village. Agriculture still plays an important role as a livelihood for the population. On the left slope of the Aubonne valley below the village there is a 40 hectare wine-growing area . Otherwise arable farming dominates , whereby forestry is also important. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many workers are therefore commuters who go to work in the larger towns along Lake Geneva. Part of the Aubonne arboretum is in the commune of Saint-Livres.
The community has good transport connections. It is located on the main road from Aubonne to Bière . A bypass takes the pressure off the village center from through traffic. The Aubonne motorway junction on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 is around 5 km from the town center. The place is connected to the public transport network through the Postbus course, which runs from Aubonne to Etoy .
The first written mention of the place took place in 1228 under the name Sanctus Liberius , which goes back to the Pope Liberius . In the Middle Ages, Saint-Livres was under the authority of the Bishop of Lausanne. He gave the village to Peter of Savoy as a fief in 1259 . Later Saint-Livres came to the Lords of Aubonne . Since the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Saint-Livres shared the fortunes of Aubonne and in 1701 came to the bailiffs of Aubonne. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Aubonne district.
The village church, mentioned in the 13th century, was owned by the Canons of the Great Saint Bernard. In 1457 the church was rebuilt, since then it has undergone several changes and renovations. It contains stained glass by J. Prahin from 1966. In the compact town center, some characteristic farm and wine-growing houses from the 17th to 19th centuries have been preserved.
- Official website of the municipality of Saint-Livres
- Germain Hausmann: Saint-Livres. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Community information
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .