|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5851|
|Postal code :||1165|
|Coordinates :||519 865 / 147147|
|Height :||409 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||372–432 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||2.60 km²|
|Residents:||442 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||170 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Allaman ( French. [ Alamɑ̃ ]) is a village and a political municipality in the district of Morges in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Allaman is 409 m above sea level. M. , 9 km southwest of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The village extends over a leveled area around 30 m above lake level of Lake Geneva , on the Armary stream , west of the Aubonne valley .
The area of the 2.6 km² municipal area includes a small section on the north shore of Lake Geneva. The communal soil extends northward from the lakeshore over the flat edge of the bank and onto the plateau at the foot of the Vaudois Côte. The highest point of Allaman is 427 m above sea level. M. reached on this plateau. The western border is formed by the Eau Noire stream , while the eastern border runs along the winding course of the Aubonne. This has dug a valley into the plateau and at its confluence with Lake Geneva, heaped up a large alluvial cone, of which the western part belongs to Allaman. In 1997, 22% of the municipal area was in settlements, 17% in forests and woodlands, 59% in agriculture and a little less than 2% was unproductive land.
A few individual farms belong to Allaman. Neighboring municipalities to Allaman are Perroy , Féchy , Aubonne , Etoy and Buchillon .
With 442 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Allaman is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 86.0% of the residents are French-speaking, 4.1% German-speaking and 3.1% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Allaman was 292 people in 1850 and 403 people in 1920. Since then, the population has fluctuated between 350 and 400 people.
Allaman was a predominantly agricultural village until the 20th century . Thanks to the slopes ideally inclined towards the south in the area of the village, viticulture is of great importance, besides there is some arable farming . A cement pipe factory has been in Allaman since 1895. Further jobs are available in local trade and in the service sector.
The community has excellent transport connections. It is located on main road 1 , which leads from Geneva along the lake to Lausanne . The Aubonne motorway junction on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 is around 1 km from the town.
On April 14, 1858, the section from Morges to Coppet of the Lausanne – Geneva line with a station in Allaman was put into operation. Today this station also serves as an important loading station in the region. The Allaman-Aubonne-Gimel (AAG) electric railway was in operation from July 23, 1896 to May 17, 1952, and this route is now served by the Allaman - Aubonne - Gimel bus line.
Tombs from the Neolithic and Bronze Age have been found in the municipality of Allaman . Remains of house foundations and coins date from Roman times . The first reliable documentary mention of the place comes from the year 1177: in Alemaniis ; from 1235 the form Alamant appears . The place name is likely to go back to the often documented personal name Al (l) amandus / Alamannus / Alamant or to the ethnonym alaman (d) .
Since the Middle Ages , Allaman was the seat of the Allaman rule, half of which belonged to the local noble family of the same name, the other half to the lords of Aubonne. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Allaman came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . Allaman was first assigned to the Aubonne district in 1798, but came to the Rolle district in 1803.
The reformed parish church of Saint-Jean was mentioned as early as the 14th century. The current building was built in the late Gothic style in the 15th and 16th centuries. The Maison de Rochefort, built in the Middle Ages, has been a winery of the city of Lausanne since 1838. Some characteristic wine-growing houses from the 17th and 18th centuries have been preserved in the town center.
The Allaman Castle , former seat of the nobles of Allaman, in 1530 by the Confederates burned. Rebuilt soon afterwards, it was given its present form in 1723 by its owner, the Marquise de Langallerie. The castle consists of two wings at right angles to each other with a massive tower on the south corner. The facade facing the courtyard is designed in the Baroque style and has arcades. In 1755 the castle was bought by Gaspard Sellon. The Sellon family hosted numerous famous guests. Jean-Henri Maubert de Gouvest wrote his Mémoires here and probably also his will politique d'Alberoni . The mother of Count Cavour , the pioneer and founder of the unity of Italy , was a de Sellon native and grew up here. Today the castle is owned by a real estate company.
In 1752 the adventurer, writer and publicist Jean-Henri Maubert de Gouvest settled as an advocate until 1755. The composer Pierre Maurice was born in Allaman and lived here from 1917 until his death in 1936.
- Paul Bissegger: Les monuments d'art e d'histoire du Canton de Vaud, Tome VII: Rolle et son district. Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 2012 (Art Monuments of Switzerland, Volume 120) ISBN 3-7643-1208-4 . Pp. 29-51.
- Allaman Municipality Official Website (French)
- Germain Hausmann: Allaman. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- Allaman Castle
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ↑ a b Nicolas Pépin: Allaman VD (role) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss community names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG). Center de dialectologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 82.
- ^ Charles Knapp, Maurice Borel, Victor Attinger, Heinrich Brunner, Société neuchâteloise de geographie (editor): Geographical Lexicon of Switzerland . Volume 1: Aa - Emmengruppe . Verlag Gebrüder Attinger, Neuenburg 1902, p. 35 f., Keyword Allaman ( scan of the lexicon page ).