|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5621|
|Postal code :||1123|
|UN / LOCODE :||CH ACL|
|Coordinates :||528 782 / 157782|
|Height :||461 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||394-516 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||3.90 km²|
|Residents:||535 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||137 inhabitants per km²|
View of Aclens
|Location of the municipality|
Aclens ([ aklɑ̃ ], in the native Franco-Provencal dialect [ (a) aːˈçɛ ]) is a municipality in the Morges district of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Aclens lies at 461 m above sea level. M. , as the crow flies 7 km north of the district capital Morges . The farming village extends in the western Gros de Vaud , in the Vaudois Central Plateau, on a plateau west of the Venoge valley .
The area of the 3.9 km² municipality covers a section of the gently undulating landscape of the Gros de Vaud. The eastern border runs in the broad valley of the Venoge. To the west, the municipality extends to the plateau, which is around 60 m higher, and reaches Trente-Chiens at 515 m above sea level. M. the highest point of Aclens. In the north-west and north, the Senoge stream, which is slightly deepened into the plateau, forms a natural boundary. In 1997, 13% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 17% for forests and woodlands and 70% for agriculture.
Aclens includes the industrial and commercial quarter in the Venogetal and some individual farms. Neighboring municipalities to Aclens are Vullierens , Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges , Romanel-sur-Morges , Bremblens , Bussigny , Vufflens-la-Ville and Gollion .
With 535 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Aclens is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 89.0% of the residents are French-speaking, 6.1% German-speaking and 1.7% Italian-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Aclens was 368 in 1850, and 309 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 192 by 1970, the population began to increase with a doubling of the population within 30 years.
Aclens was a predominantly agricultural village until the middle of the 20th century . Agriculture in the Gros de Vaud, the granary of the canton of Vaud, is still very important today ; There is a small wine-growing area on the slope of the La Roche hill . The Moulin du Choc mill, located near the confluence of the Arena stream in the Venoge, has been an important company in Aclens since the 17th century. At the beginning of the 1970s, a larger industrial and commercial zone was created in the Venogetal, which significantly changed the economic structure of Aclens. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community. Many workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in Morges and Lausanne .
The community has good transport connections. It is located on the main road from Morges to Cossonay , which bypasses the town center to the east. Aclens is connected to the public transport network through the Postbus course, which runs from Morges to Cossonay.
The community area was already inhabited in Roman times , which is proven by the discovery of walls of a building. In 1002 the place was first mentioned as Astlegus or Asclÿgus , in 1177 as Acclens . The place name is probably based on a formation from the personal name * Askilo and the suffix -ingōs, which is frequent in German place names and also borrowed from Gallo-Roman in the 6th century .
The small rule of Aclens belonged to the rule of Cossonay since the Middle Ages and came in 1410 to the lords of Vullierens, with whom it remained until 1665; In 1675 it was bought by the city of Morges. In the Middle Ages, the villages of Saint-Christophe and Chibi were located in the municipality , both of which were abandoned at the beginning of the 18th century. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Aclens came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Morges district.
The parish church of Aclens, mentioned in 1228, was rebuilt in 1740 and received a new bell tower in 1829. In the town center there are some typical farmhouses from the 18th and 19th centuries.
- Official website of the municipality of Aclens
- Community information
- François Béboux: Aclens. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Paola Crivelli: Chibi. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ↑ a b Nicolas Pépin, Aclens VD (Morges) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss community names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG) , Center de dialectologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 74.