|VD is the abbreviation for the canton of Vaud in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name L'Isle .|
|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5486|
|Postal code :||1148|
|Height range :||599–1428 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||16.22 km²|
|Residents:||1001 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||62 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
L'Isle is Morges (air line). The village extends near the sources of the Venoge and the Chergeaule brook, at the southern foot of the Jura and on the Jura foot plateau in front of it, in the western edge of the Vaud Central Plateau ., 14 km northwest of the district capital
The area of the 16.3 km² municipal area includes a section of the Jura foot plateau and the Vaud Jura. The municipality floor extends from the Veyron valley to the northwest over the to around lying Jura foot plateau to the sources of the Venoge at L'Isle. To the west of the village, the area encompasses the mostly densely wooded southern slopes of the Jura ( Prins Bois ) on both sides of the Combe à Berger valley cut , which was created by the Chergeaule , a source stream of the Venoge. The municipal area extends in a narrow strip to the west over the Châtel ridge (up to ) and the Pré de l'Haut basin to the anticline of the Mont-Tendre chain , on the one at La Biole at the highest point of L'Isle is reached. On the Jura heights there are extensive high pastures (including the Pré de l'Haut ) with the typical mighty spruce trees , which either stand individually or in groups. In 1997, 5% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 46% for forests and woodlands and 49% for agriculture.
With 1001 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), L'Isle is one of the smaller municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 94.1% of the residents are French-speaking, 2.7% German-speaking and 1.3% English-speaking (as of 2000). The population of L'Isle was 865 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 666 people by 1970, a significant increase in population was recorded again.
Until the second half of the 19th century, L'Isle was predominantly an agricultural village. Even today, arable farming and fruit growing at the foot of the Jura, cattle and dairy farming in the higher regions as well as forestry have a certain importance in the employment structure of the population.
During the 19th century, L'Isle developed into a regional economic and administrative center. At that time there was a factory for fire pumps, a weaving mill, several mills and a sawmill on the Venoge in the village. There were also some quarries. Today the industry concentrates on small and medium-sized companies in the field of construction, transport and electrical engineering. In the last few decades the village has also developed into a residential community. Many workers are therefore commuters who work primarily in the larger communities along Lake Geneva and in the greater Lausanne area.
The community is very well developed in terms of traffic. It is located on the main road from Cossonay over the Col du Mollendruz into the Vallée de Joux . Another road leads from La Sarraz along the foot of the Jura to Bière . On September 12, 1896, the section from L'Isle to Apples of the narrow-gauge railway Bière-Apples-Morges was put into operation, another station is located at Villars-Bozon. The Postbus courses to Gimel , Cossonay-Gare, La Sarraz and Croy provide for the fine distribution in public transport .
The place was first mentioned in a document in 1299 under the name Insula . In the following years the names Lile (1343), Lille (1355), Lila (1357), Lilaz (1446), Lyla (1542) and Lylle (1609) appeared. Because the Venoge splits into several different streams in a flat, boggy area below its source, which border smaller islands, the place name L'Isle was created, which means the island .
The place has its origin probably in the 11th century. Historically correct evidence, however, only dates from the late 13th century, when the Lords of Cossonay founded a walled town near the sources of the Venoge. L'Isle initially belonged to the Cossonay rule , but received its own freedoms in 1431 and formed an independent rule from that date.
With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, L'Isle came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , it belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Cossonay district.
L'Isle today has the character of a village with some typical farmhouses from the 17th to 19th centuries. There is nothing left to be seen of the former urban settlement. The reformed parish church was rebuilt in 1732–1734, but still has a late Gothic arched portal from the previous building on the front tower .
The castle was built in 1696 in the French classicism style for Charles de Chandieu. It has two small side wings at right angles to the main building and a rich interior. To the south of the castle is a park with avenue trees, which extends to the wide water basin of the Venoge. The castle was bought by the municipality of L'Isle in 1877 and was then used for the municipal administration and as a schoolhouse.
- Official website of the municipality of L'Isle (French)
- Paola Crivelli: Isle, L '. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial views of the village
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Florence Cattin / Andres Kristol, L'Isle VD (Cossonay) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss community names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG) , Center de dialectologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 494f.