|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5436|
|Postal code :||1187|
|Height range :||705–870 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||3.06 km²|
|Residents:||446 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||146 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
The area of the 3.0 km² municipal area includes a section of the plateau at the foot of the Jura. The municipality extends from the plateau near Saint-Oyens westward over the headwaters of the village stream Ruisseau des Rotières to the valley of Prévondavaux . This valley is a relic from the last ice age , at that time it served as a meltwater channel on the edge of the ice age Rhone glacier for a certain period of time . The highest point of Saint-Oyens is in the forest of Le Saugey on the southern slope of the Prévondavaux valley. In 1997, 4% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 39% for forests and woodlands and 57% for agriculture.
With 446 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Saint-Oyens is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 90.3% of the residents are French-speaking, 3.8% German-speaking and 3.4% English-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Saint-Oyens was 141 in 1900. After the population had decreased slightly to 114 inhabitants by 1970, a significant increase in population has been recorded since then, with the number of inhabitants doubling within 30 years.
Until the second half of the 20th century, Saint-Oyens was a predominantly agricultural village. Agriculture still plays an important role as a livelihood for the population, with livestock and dairy farming dominating over arable farming . Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community. Many workers are therefore commuters who go to work in the larger towns along Lake Geneva.
The community is located away from the larger thoroughfares, the main access is from Rolle . Saint-Oyens is connected to the public transport network via the Postbus course, which runs from Rolle to Gimel .
The first written mention of the place took place in 1221 under the name Sancto Eugendo de Rotteres . The place name goes back to Saint Oyend (Latin Eugendus ), abbot of Saint-Oyend-de-Joux, today's Saint-Claude in the French Jura. The monks of Saint-Oyend-de-Joux founded a chapel in Saint-Oyens in the Middle Ages . The place was initially called Saint-Oyens-de-Rottières to distinguish it from the abbey of the same name in France . It was the seat of a vassal family of the lords of Mont-le-Vieux ( Essertines-sur-Rolle ).
With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Saint-Oyens came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Aubonne district. Numerous houses were destroyed in a fire in 1857.
The church of Saint-Oyens, already mentioned in the 13th century, was rebuilt in 1877-78. Some farmhouses from the 18th and 19th centuries have been preserved.
- Official website of the municipality of Saint-Oyens (French)
- Aerial photography
- Germain Hausmann: Saint-Oyens. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .