|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5499|
|Postal code :||1304|
|Coordinates :||527144 / 161476|
|Height :||582 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||533–606 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||3.97 km²|
|Residents:||488 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||123 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Senarclens is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Senarclens is 582 m above sea level. M. , 10 km north of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The clustered village extends on the high plateau west of the Venoge valley , in the western Gros de Vaud , in the Vaud Central Plateau .
The area of the 4.0 km² municipal area comprises a section of the gently undulating high plateau of the Gros de Vaud, the granary of the canton of Vaud. The communal soil extends from the headwaters of the Broye brook (tributary of the Senoge, not to be confused with the Broye ) northwards over the Senarclens plateau to the edge of the Bois du Sépey . On the hill of Mont Lambert is 602 m above sea level. M. reached the highest point of the municipality. In the northwest, the area extends to the eastern slope of the Veyron . In 1997, 7% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 5% for forests and woodlands and 88% for agriculture.
Senarclens includes the farm settlement Soveillame ( 555 m above sea level ) below the village, two new housing estates and several individual farms. Neighboring municipalities to Senarclens are Cossonay , Gollion , Vullierens , Grancy and La Chaux (Cossonay) .
With 488 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Senarclens is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 92.0% of the residents are French-speaking, 4.3% German-speaking and 1.4% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Senarclens was 198 in 1900. Since 1970 (150 inhabitants) a rapid increase in population with a doubling of the population within 30 years has been observed.
Up until the second half of the 20th century, Senarclens was predominantly an agricultural village. Even today, the have farming and fruit growing an important role in the employment structure of the population. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in the Cossonay-Penthalaz area and in the greater Lausanne area .
The community is very well developed in terms of traffic. It is located on the main road from Cossonay to Aubonne . Senarclens is connected to the public transport network through the Postbus course, which runs from Morges via Cottens to Cossonay.
Traces from Roman times and early medieval graves have been found in the municipality . The first written mention of the place took place in 1011 under the name Senerclens . Later the names Sunarclens (1180), Sonarclens (1190), Sonarcleins (1238), Sinarclens (1279) and Senaclens appeared . The etymology of the place name is unclear. Arclens goes to the Burgundian personal names Arkilo back while transmitter either the importance of the German to have or from the Indo-European prefix for old might have been derived.
Since the Middle Ages , Senarclens belonged to the lords of Cossonay , who gave the village rule to the knights of Senarclens as a fief. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, the village came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . In 1678 numerous houses fell victim to a fire. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Senarclens belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Cossonay district.
Only a small round tower from the 13th century remains from the medieval castle. The buildings, which were remodeled in 1584, fell into disrepair and were not restored until 1926. Although Senarclens was once mentioned as a parish, it no longer has a church and belongs to the parish of Cossonay. In the town center there are some typical farmhouses from the 17th to 19th centuries.
- Community information
- François Béboux: Senarclens. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .