|VD is the abbreviation for the canton of Vaud in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Cottens .|
|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5478|
|Postal code :||1116|
|Coordinates :||524 551 / 158 389|
|Height :||579 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||540–615 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||2.35 km²|
|Residents:||486 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||207 inhabitants per km²|
|Mayor :||François Delay|
|Location of the municipality|
Cottens ([ kɔtɑ̃ ], Franco-Provencal [ (a) kɔˈteɔˈ ]) is a municipality in the Morges district of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Cottens is 579 m above sea level. M. , 8 km north-northwest of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The former street-line village extends on the plateau in the extreme southwest of the Gros de Vaud , near the Morges valley , in the Vaudois Central Plateau .
The area of the 2.4 km² municipal area covers a section of the gently undulating high plateau of the Vaudois Plateau. In the south the communal soil extends into the valley basin of the upper Morges, in the west it is bordered by the Combagnou brook . In a narrow strip, the area extends north into the Bois de la Five forest , in which at 613 m above sea level. M. the highest elevation of Cottens is reached, and up to a left side stream of the Veyron . In 1997, 8% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 15% for forests and woodlands and 77% for agriculture.
Cottens has a few individual farms. Neighboring municipalities to Cottens are Sévery , Pampigny , Grancy , Vullierens and Echichens .
With 486 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Cottens is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 88.9% of the residents are French-speaking, 6.7% German-speaking and 1.8% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Cottens was 190 inhabitants in 1850 and 213 in 1900. A significant population increase has been observed since 1970 (225 inhabitants).
Cottens was a predominantly agricultural village until the second half of the 20th century . Even today arable farming has a certain importance in the employment structure of the population. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. There is a cheese factory, a plastering factory and a wood processing company in the village. There used to be a mill on the Morges. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many workers are therefore commuters who work primarily in Morges and the greater Lausanne area.
The community has good transport connections. It is located at the crossroads of the roads from Cossonay to Aubonne and from Morges to L'Isle . The village is connected to the public transport network via the Postbus course, which runs from Morges via Cottens to Cossonay.
The municipality of Cottens was inhabited early on, which is evidenced by the remains of a settlement from Roman times . The place was first mentioned in a document in 1041 under the name of Chotens . In 1049 the name Cotens appeared , later Coctens . The place name goes back to the Burgundian personal name Cotto and means for the people of Cotto .
Since the Middle Ages, Cottens formed a small lordship that belonged to the noble feuds of the Barony of Cossonay . With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, the village came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Cottens belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Cossonay district.
The parish church is a new building from 1893, which was built on the site of a church from 1684. At Chatez you can see the moats of a castle that was inhabited from the 14th to the 17th century.
- Community information
- François Béboux: Cottens (VD). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ↑ Nicolas Pépin, Cottens VD (Cossonay) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss community names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG) , Center de dialectologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005 , ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 268.