|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5645|
|Postal code :||1122|
|Height range :||396–508 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||1.76 km²|
|Residents:||458 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||260 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
The area of the 1.8 km² municipal area covers a section of the gently undulating plateau in the Vaudois Central Plateau. The municipality extends from the western edge of the Venoge to the west over the Romanel plateau with the Les Grez hill () to the slope of the Trente-Chiens hill , where at the highest point of the municipality is reached. The forested valley of the Arena brook takes up the south-eastern part of the municipality, while its left side brook Néziau flows south of the village . In 1997, 11% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 15% for forests and woodlands and 74% for agriculture.
With 458 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Romanel-sur-Morges is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 93.4% of the residents are French-speaking, 3.0% German-speaking and 1.1% Italian-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Romanel-sur-Morges was 166 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 128 by 1960, a rapid increase was recorded again with a fourfold increase in the number of inhabitants within 40 years.
Romanel-sur-Morges was a predominantly agricultural village until the second half of the 20th century . Today arable farming has only a marginal importance in the employment structure of the population. There are several small wine-growing areas on the slope of the Les Grez hill .
The establishment of a commercial and industrial zone in the Venogetal significantly changed the economic structure in the village. Major companies specialize in the areas of electromechanics, precision mechanics , IT (Logitech SA, Logitech Europe SA) and panel construction. Romanel-sur-Morges also has a cheese dairy. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community. Many workers are also commuters who work mainly in Lausanne and Morges.
The community has good transport connections. It is on the main road from Morges to Cossonay . Romanel-sur-Morges is connected to the public transport network through a postbus course that runs from Morges to Cossonay.
The place was first mentioned in a document in 967 under the name villa Romanella . The name refers to a place that was inhabited by Romans, or the homestead of a person named Roman (i) us . Since the Middle Ages Romanel-sur-Morges has been under the lords of Cossonay . Part of the village rulership came to the Colombier rulership in 1410 through purchase . Since 1675 the entire lordship belonged to the city of Morges.
With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Romanel-sur-Morges came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Morges district.
In the old town center, some farmhouses from the 18th and 19th centuries have been preserved next to the church.
- Christiane Langenberger (1941–2015), politician (FDP)
- Official website of the municipality of Romanel-sur-Morges (French)
- François Béboux: Romanel-sur-Morges. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .