|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5494|
|Postal code :||1142|
|Coordinates :||522 605 / 159 433|
|Height :||650 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||597–696 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||11.09 km²|
|Residents:||1114 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||100 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Pampigny is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Pampigny is 650 m above sea level. M. , 10 km northwest of the district capital Morges (air line). The clustered village extends on a slope slightly to the east on the plateau of the Jura foot plateau, in a position with great views in the western edge of the Vaud Central Plateau .
The area of the 11.1 km² municipal area covers a section of the gently undulating high plateau of the western Waadtländer Mittelland. The municipal soil extends from the slopes near Pampigny, which are drained by the Combagnou to the Morges , to the northwest over a hilly landscape shaped by the Ice Age to the upper reaches of the Veyron . On the right side of this river there are extensive forest areas ( Bois de la Croix , Tailles de Mauraz , Le Parc and Vafiâ ). In the far west the area extends into the Marais des Monods , a marshland on the Veyron. The highest point of Pampigny is 696 m above sea level. M. on the Montassiaux hill west of the village. In 1997, 5% of the municipal area was in settlements, 37% in forests and woodlands, 57% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.
Numerous individual farms belong to Pampigny. The neighboring communities of Pampigny are Montricher in the west , Mauraz in the north, L'Isle in the north-north-east, Chavannes-le-Veyron in the north-east, Grancy in the east-north-east, Cottens in the east, Sévery in the south-east, Apple in the south and Mollens in the south-west .
With 1114 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Pampigny is one of the smaller municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 92.4% of the residents are French-speaking, 4.0% German-speaking and 1.5% English-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Pampigny was still 650 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 445 people by 1970, a clear increase in population was observed again with almost a doubling of the population within 30 years.
Until the second half of the 20th century, Pampigny was predominantly an agricultural village. Even today, arable farming , fruit growing and cattle breeding play an important role in the income structure of the population. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. A commercial zone was created in the 1990s. A transport company, an electrical installation business and a company that manufactures plastics and thermoplastics have settled here. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in Morges and the greater Lausanne area .
The community is located away from major thoroughfares on a connecting road from Morges to L'Isle . On September 12, 1896, the narrow-gauge railway line from L'Isle to Apples of the Bière-Apples-Morges-Bahn with a station in Pampigny was put into operation.
Traces from Roman times and the early Middle Ages have been found in the municipality of Pampigny . The place was first mentioned in a document in 1016 under the name Pimpinengis . Later the names Pampiniacum (1141), Panpinie (1228), Pampignie (1232), Pagpignie (1235), Pampigniez (1324) and Pampignyer (1335) appeared. The place name probably goes back to the personal name Pempenius .
In the Middle Ages , Pampigny belonged to the Lords of Cossonay , who gave the village to the local nobles as a fief. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Pampigny came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Cossonay district.
The single-nave building of the reformed parish church of Saint-Pierre was built in the 15th century, the facade dates from 1736. Inside, wall paintings from the Middle Ages are preserved. Pampigny Castle, a mansion flanked by two towers, was built in 1688 on the site of an older building. After the municipality bought the castle in 1836, the local school was housed in it until the new Champ-Carré school center opened in 1983. Some characteristic farmhouses from the 18th and 19th centuries have been preserved in the town center.
- Official website of the municipality of Pampigny (French)
- François Béboux: Pampigny. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .