|VD is the abbreviation for the canton of Vaud in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Lavigny .|
|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5637|
|Postal code :||1175|
|Coordinates :||520 581 / 150602|
|Height :||522 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||405-591 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||4.00 km²|
|Residents:||999 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||250 inhabitants per km²|
View of Lavigny from Aubonne
|Location of the municipality|
Lavigny is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Lavigny lies at 522 m above sea level. M. , 7 km west of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The village extends on a slope sloping to the south, over the valley of the Aubonne , opposite the town of Aubonne , in a panoramic position around 140 m above the lake level of Lake Geneva .
The area of the 4.0 km² municipal area covers a section north of Lake Geneva. The communal soil extends on the slope of Lavigny, which is bordered to the west by the deep valley of the Aubonne and to the east by the valley of the Boiron de Morges . The slope is divided by the hills Le Châtelard ( 513 m above sea level ) and Arborex ( 545 m above sea level ). At Les Biolettes below Saint-Livres it is 595 m above sea level. M. reached the highest point of Lavigny. The two brooks Ruisseau de la Chaumière and Le Flumau arise below Lavigny and flow into the Aubonne. To the east of the village is the La Gouille pond , a small biotope that dries out completely during the dry summer months. In 1997, 11% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 5% for forests and woodlands and 84% for agriculture.
Lavigny includes the La Vaudalle settlement ( 516 m above sea level ) on the edge of the plateau above the Aubonne as well as a few individual farms. The neighboring municipalities of Lavigny are Aubonne , Saint-Livres , Yens , Villars-sous-Yens and Etoy .
With 999 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Lavigny is one of the smaller municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 87.9% of the residents are French-speaking, 4.1% German-speaking and 3.0% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Lavigny was 287 in 1900. Since 1980 (490 inhabitants) there has been a rapid population increase.
Until the middle of the 20th century, Lavigny was predominantly an agricultural village. Even today, agriculture and viticulture have a certain importance in the income structure of the population. A larger wine-growing region is located on the south-facing slopes on the left side of the Aubonne valley. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and especially in the service sector. In 1907 the Lavigny institution, a curative education center for children and young people, was founded on the eastern edge of the village. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many people in employment are therefore commuters who work in the larger towns along Lake Geneva.
The community has good transport connections. It is located on the main road from Aubonne to Cossonay and also has connections with Bière and Etoy . The Aubonne motorway junction on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 is around 4 km from the town. The village is connected to the public transport network through a postbus course that runs from Lavigny to Morges . Another line serves the Etoy gare – Lavigny – Aubonne route.
The finds of Roman milestones and early medieval burial grounds testify to an early settlement of the municipality. The first documentary mention was made in 1145 under the name Lauiniaco . Later the names Lavinei (1177), Lavigni (1210), Lavinie (1228), Lavigniaco (1269), Lavignye (1322), Lavignyer (1335) and Lavigniacum (1477). The place name is derived from the Latin personal name Lavinius .
The Lavigny lordship, which was subordinate to the lords of Aubonne, had existed since the Middle Ages . Since the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Lavigny shared the fortunes of Aubonne. With the creation of the Aubonne Bailiwick in 1701, the village was assigned to it. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Lavigny belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was first assigned to the Aubonne district, then in 1803 to the Morges district.
The parish church of Saint-Maurice was built in the 14th century in Gothic style over a previous Romanesque building. The chapel, which was added in the 16th century, is also Gothic. The Grand Lavigny Castle was built between 1823 and 1824 on the foundations of a medieval building. The nearby Petit Lavigny Castle dates from 1732. In the center of the village there are some characteristic farm and wine farm houses from the 18th and 19th centuries.
- Official website of the municipality of Lavigny (French)
- François Béboux: Lavigny. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- Institution de Lavigny (French)
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .