|VD is the abbreviation for the canton of Vaud in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Ecublens .|
|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|District :||Ouest lausannois|
|BFS no. :||5635|
|Postal code :||1024|
|Coordinates :||532 713 / 153 135|
|Height :||428 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||373–445 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||5.72 km²|
|Residents:||12,863 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||2249 inhabitants per km²|
|Unemployment rate :||5.1% (May 31, 2,015)|
Ecublens village center
|Location of the municipality|
Ecublens ([ ekyblɑ̃ ], in the native Franco-Provencal dialect [ ekubjɛ̃̃ ]) is a municipality in the Ouest lausannois district of the Swiss canton of Vaud . The city is located in the western part of the Lausanne agglomeration . The southern part of Ecublens belongs to the parish of Ecublens-Saint-Sulpice, the northern part to the parish of Chavannes-Epenex.
Ecublens is 428 m above sea level. M. , 6 km west of the canton capital Lausanne (linear distance). The original village extends on a moraine wall between the valleys of Venoge and Sorge, in the Vaud Central Plateau , in a panoramic position around 50 m above the lake level of Lake Geneva .
The area of the 5.7 km² municipal area covers a section north of Lake Geneva. Ecublens does not directly border the lake; the southern border always runs along the cantonal road which leads west from Lausanne to Morges . The central part of the community area is occupied by a moraine wall, which is 433 m above sea level in its southern section . M. , in the northern part at the Château de la Motte 443 m above sea level. M. reached (highest elevation of Ecublens). The moraine was deposited by the Ice Age Rhone glacier .
To the west of this moraine height, the municipality floor extends into the broad valley of the Venoge, which with its meanders forms the municipality boundary. To the east the area extends into the valley of the Sorge and in a narrow corner over the university and EPFL grounds to the Dorigny estate and the lower reaches of the Chamberonne . In the north, the municipal ban extends over the Bois d'Ecublens forest to the Lausanne-Geneva railway line, which forms the northern border for long stretches. In 1997, 56% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 13% for forests and woodlands and 31% for agriculture.
Ecublens includes the village of Renges ( 404 m above sea level ) at the west foot of the moraine wall in the Venoge valley, the hamlet of Bassenges ( 407 m above sea level ) on the eastern slope of the moraine, the settlement of Epenex ( 420 m above sea level ). between the A1A motorway slip road and the railway, as well as various residential and commercial areas. Neighboring municipalities to Ecublens are Denges , Echandens , Bussigny , Renens , Chavannes-près-Renens and Saint-Sulpice (VD) .
With 12,863 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Ecublens is one of the largest municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 76.5% of the residents are French-speaking, 6.5% Italian-speaking and 4.6% speak German (as of 2000). The population of Ecublens doubled in the period between 1850 and 1950. Then began a marked increase in population and urbanization in the wake of the city of Lausanne. The population has increased eightfold in 50 years, with particularly large growth rates being recorded during the 1960s. After crossing the 10,000-inhabitant limit, Ecublens became the 12th city in the canton of Vaud. Today the settlement area of Ecublens has merged seamlessly with those of Renens, Chavannes-près-Renens and Saint-Sulpice.
Until the middle of the 20th century, Ecublens was mainly a village characterized by agriculture , especially viticulture . It then developed into an industrial and residential suburb of Lausanne.
Today the community offers around 11,000 jobs. With 0.3% of the workforce still employed in the primary sector, agriculture only has a marginal role in the employment structure of the population. Around 25% of the workforce is employed in the industrial sector, while the service sector accounts for 75% of the workforce (as of 2001).
Larger industrial and commercial zones have emerged in the Venoge valley since the 1960s, both in the northern section on the outskirts of Bussigny-près-Lausanne and in the southern part near Valeyre and in the Epenex area near the Renens train station. In the course of time, several large companies have set up in the municipality of Ecublens. These include Socsil SA (since 1959; anesthetic gases), Socorex-Isba SA (since 1962), Maillefer SA (since 1964; cable machines), Sapal SA (since 1964; packaging machines), Applied Research Laboratories SA ( since 1970; spectrographic apparatus), Thévenaz-Leduc SA (since 1972) and Sirec SA (since 1972). In addition, Ecublens has been the administrative headquarters of Migros Vaud since 1979 .
New residential developments were built on the northern edge of the original village center and in Epenex. Single-family houses and villas are on the moraine wall between the valleys of Venoge and Sorge.
Ecublens has established itself as an educational center over time. Since the beginning of the 1970s, the municipality has been the location of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL) and the University of Lausanne (UNIL). In 1977 the Vaud Cantonal Library (BCU) also moved to Ecublens. The campus is located between the Lausanne – Morges cantonal road and the Sorge stream and takes up one fifth of the municipality.
Ecublens is very well developed in terms of traffic. It is located on the M1 Renens – Lausanne – Flon metro line of the Transports publics de la région Lausannoise ; this light rail was opened on May 24, 1991 under the name TSOL (Tramway Sud-Ouest Lausannois) by Federal Councilor Adolf Ogi . A bus line goes to Morges .
The community is also located on main road 1 from Lausanne along the shores of Lake Geneva to Geneva . The main rail and motorway traffic routes between Lausanne and Geneva run through the northern municipal area. To the north of the village is the Ecublens junction, where the western approach road from Lausanne (A1A) meets the A1 motorway , which opened in 1964 . The closest connection to the motorway is around 3 km from the town.
The municipality of Ecublens was settled very early. The oldest objects found during excavations date from the Bronze Age . Other finds are dated to the Latène culture (later Iron Age , 500/400–15 BC) and to the Roman period . The earth walls at the Château de la Motte are of unknown date.
The place is first mentioned in a document around 958/959 as in villa Escublens, later as Scubilingis (964), Scublens (1147), Esciblens (1161), Scubleins (1220) and again Escublens (1228). The place name probably goes back to the personal name Scubilo and therefore means "among the people of Scubilo".
Since the 10th century Ecublens was part of the Renens territory. In the Middle Ages , a local noble family is mentioned. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, the village came under the administration of the rural bailiwick of Lausanne and formed a castleague with a court of law. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Ecublens belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic , which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Morges district, to which it still belongs today; In 1803 it received the rank of a district capital.
The municipality was relatively insignificant until the 1920s, but over the course of the century Ecublens has developed into a suburb of Lausanne, with the number of inhabitants increasing almost tenfold. In 1946 an airport was even supposed to be built in Ecublens, but the proposal was rejected in a referendum .
- The village church of Saint-Pierre, whose origins go back to the 12th century, received its current appearance in the 18th century. The rectory dates from 1740.
- The manor house La Tour in the Bernese style was built in the late Middle Ages.
- The manor house Le Foyer in Bassenges dates back to the 18th century.
- The Bois d'Ecublens (Forest of Ecublens) was said to be so beautiful that there are even postcards of it. Today the motorway and railway line cut up the forest so that there are only a few original places.
- The moraine of Ecublens, which can no longer be recognized as such, is still visited by many tourists due to the good view.
- The Galerie du Pressoir in the Bassenges district, originally a grape press and a bakery, now functions as an art gallery.
- The Encre et plomb printing museum .
- Dorigny Castle, built by Etienne de Loys in 1770, is now part of the University of Lausanne.
- Official website of the Municipality of Ecublens (French)
- François Béboux: Ecublens. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photos of Ecublens
- Ecublens homepage from Edi Muster
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ↑ Demandeurs d'emploi, chômeurs et taux de chômage par commune. ( XLS , 115 kB) Statistique Vaud, Département des finances et des relations extérieures (Statistics Vaud, Department of Finance and Foreign Affairs), accessed on June 14, 2015 (French).
- ↑ a b Nicolas Pépin / Andres Kristol, Écublens VD (Morges), in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss municipality names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG), ed. from the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 312f.
- ↑ Michel Layaz: L'Université de Lausanne à Dorigny (= Swiss Art Guide, No. 500). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1991.