|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5623|
|Postal code :||1164|
|Coordinates :||522.04 thousand / 147088|
|Height :||398 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||372–410 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||2.10 km²|
|Residents:||651 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||310 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Buchillon ([ byʃijɔ̃ ], in the native Franco-Provencal dialect [ (a) buʦəˈjɔ̃ ] or [ (a) buʦəˈʎɔ̃ ]) is a municipality in the Morges district of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Buchillon is 398 m above sea level. M. , 7 km southwest of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The former farming village extends on a terrace east of the Aubonne river , in a panoramic position around 30 m above the lake level of Lake Geneva .
The area of the 2.1 km² municipal area comprises a section on the north shore of Lake Geneva. The communal soil extends from the narrow edge of the bank northwards to the terrace of Buchillon, on which at 410 m above sea level. M. the highest point of the municipality is reached. The eastern boundary is the Ruisseau des Chenaux brook , in the west the area extends to the course of the Aubonne, which over time has created an alluvial cone at its confluence with Lake Geneva. The eastern part of this delta, designated as a nature reserve of national importance, also belongs to Buchillon. In 1997, 25% of the municipal area was in settlements, 32% in forests and woodlands, 41% in agriculture and a little over 2% was unproductive land.
Buchillon has a number of single-family houses, the hamlet of Grands Bois ( 405 m above sea level ) on the terrace east of the Aubonne valley and the Chanivaz farm ( 378 m above sea level ) on the alluvial fan of the Aubonne. The neighboring municipalities of Buchillon are Saint-Prex to the east, Etoy to the north and Allaman to the west .
With 651 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Buchillon is one of the smaller municipalities in the canton of Vaud. Of the residents, 82.0% are French-speaking, 7.5% German-speaking and 3.3% English-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Buchillon was 176 people in 1850 and 203 people in 1900. Since 1960 (284 inhabitants) there has been a rapid increase in population with a doubling of the number of inhabitants within 40 years.
Until the middle of the 20th century, Buchillon was a predominantly agricultural village. Even today, agriculture and viticulture (especially on the southern slope below the town center) have a certain importance in the income structure of the population. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and especially in the service sector. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many people in employment are therefore commuters who work in the larger towns along Lake Geneva.
The community is very well developed in terms of transport. It is close to main road 1 , which leads from Geneva along the lakeshore to Lausanne . The Aubonne motorway junction on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 is around 2 km from the town. The Etoy stop on the section from Morges to Coppet of the Lausanne-Geneva railway line, inaugurated on April 14, 1858, is just outside the municipality. The village is connected to the public transport network by a postbus course that runs from the Etoy stop to Aubonne via Buchillon .
The community area was inhabited very early on, as evidenced by the remains of a lakeside settlement, a dagger and lance tips. Ruins have also been preserved from Roman times . The first written mention of the place Chanivaz took place in 1228 under the name Chanliva ; In the Middle Ages it was the larger and more important settlement than the Bushillion, first mentioned in 1339 .
Buchillon belonged to the lords of Aubonne and achieved a certain level of prosperity in the Middle Ages thanks to the customs office on the bridge over the Aubonne. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Buchillon came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges , with Allaman having high jurisdiction. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798, Buchillon was first assigned to the Aubonne district and only joined the Morges district in 1803.
In the center of Buchillon there are some typical farm and wine farms from the 18th and 19th centuries.
- Hans Walter (1912–1992), writer and watercolorist
- Hans Gerber (1910–1978), sculptor, collagist and draftsman
Buchillon in literature
The German exiled author Lisa Tetzner leaves the reunion of the protagonists after the Second World War and the founding of a new alliance of peace in the 9th volume (1949) of her children's odyssey "The Children from No. 67" with the helpful (fictional) family Play Suter in Buchillon.
- Official website of the municipality of Buchillon
- Community information
- Germain Hausmann: Buchillon. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ↑ Nicolas Pépin, Buchillon VD (Morges) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss community names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG) , Center de dialectologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005 , ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 197