|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5437|
|Postal code :||1189|
|Coordinates :||514942 / 152063|
|Height :||687 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||592–807 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||3.71 km²|
|Residents:||418 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||113 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Saubraz is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Saubraz lies at 687 m above sea level. M. , 13 km west of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The farming village extends on a plateau at the foot of the Jura between the valley cuts of Saubrette in the south and Toleure in the north.
The area of the 3.7 km² municipal area includes a section of the Jura foot plateau. The Saubrette brook and its left tributary Toleure drain the area east to the Aubonne . The northern border is formed by the Toleure. Between the two streams is the Saubraz plateau, which gradually rises to the northwest towards the Jura. At the eastern foot of Mont Chaubert is 810 m above sea level. M. reached the highest point of Saubraz. To the south of the Saubrette, the communal soil extends to the Ursins plateau with the Bois des Ursins forest . In 1997, 7% of the municipal area was in settlements, 44% in forests and woodlands, 48% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.
A few individual farms belong to Saubraz. The neighboring communities of Saubraz are Gimel in the south and west , Montherod in the south-east and Bière in the north and north-east .
With 418 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Saubraz is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 90.4% of the residents are French-speaking, 4.6% German-speaking and 3.5% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Saubraz was still 267 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 157 inhabitants by 1970, it increased again to 210 inhabitants by 1980. Since then, the population has remained at a constant level.
Up until the second half of the 20th century, Saubraz was a predominantly agricultural village. Agriculture still plays an important role as a livelihood for the population, with livestock and dairy farming dominating over arable farming . Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. Since the village has developed more and more into a residential community in recent decades, numerous workers are commuters who do their work in the neighboring towns of Gimel and Bière as well as in the larger communities along Lake Geneva.
The municipality is located off the major thoroughfares, the main access is from Aubonne . Saubraz is connected to the public transport network via the Postbus course, which runs from Gimel via Bière to L'Isle .
The place was first mentioned in a document in 1237 under the names Sabrun and Salbrum , and in 1251 the name Saubra appeared . The place was built around a church that belonged to the Premonstratensian Abbey of Lac-de-Joux ( L'Abbaye ) and burned down in 1251. Saubraz later came to the Lords of Aubonne . Since the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Saubraz shared the fortunes of Aubonne and in 1701 came to the Aubonne bailiff. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Aubonne district.
The chapel, built on the ruins of the medieval church, was demolished in 1899 when the school was built. Today Saubraz belongs to the parish of Gimel.
- Community information
- Aerial photography
- Germain Hausmann: Saubraz. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .