|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5652|
|Postal code :||1168|
|Coordinates :||522 503 / 151498|
|Height :||481 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||437-548 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||3.04 km²|
|Residents:||608 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||200 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Villars-sous-Yens is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Villars-sous-Yens is 481 m above sea level. M. , 5 km west of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The village extends on a hilltop to the east of the Boiron valley in the Waadtländer Mittelland , in a panoramic location around 100 m above lake level of Lake Geneva .
The area of the 3.1 km² municipal area covers a section in the hinterland of Morges. The central part of the area is taken by the wide basin of the Boiron de Morges river . West of this valley is at the height Arborex with 548 m above sea level. M. reached the highest point of Villars-sous-Yens. East of the village is the Irence valley , a left side stream of the Boiron. In the far east the parish grounds extend to the Denens plateau (up to 505 m above sea level ). In 1997, 6% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 17% for forests and woodlands and 77% for agriculture.
Villars-sous-Yens has a number of individual farms. The neighboring communities of Villars-sous-Yens are Yen in the north, Denens in the northeast , Lussy-sur-Morges in the southeast, Saint-Prex in the south-southeast, Etoy in the south and Lavigny in the west .
With 608 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Villars-sous-Yens is one of the smaller municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 92.7% of the residents are French-speaking, 3.2% German-speaking and 0.9% English-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Villars-sous-Yens was 318 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 232 inhabitants by 1970, a rapid increase in population was observed again with a doubling of the population within 30 years.
Until the second half of the 20th century, Villars-sous-Yens was a predominantly agricultural village. Even today, agriculture and viticulture have an important role in the income structure of the population. There are some smaller wine-growing areas on the southern slopes of the Boirontal. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector (timber trade and IT). In recent years the village has developed into a residential community. Many workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in Morges and Lausanne.
Although the community is located away from major thoroughfares, it is still well developed in terms of traffic. It is located on the cantonal road from Morges to Yens . The motorway connections Morges-Ouest and Aubonne on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 are each around 5 km from the town. Villars-sous-Yens is connected to the public transport network through a PostBus course that runs from Morges to Lavigny.
The municipality of Villars-sous-Yens was settled very early, as evidenced by the discovery of Roman coins. The place was first mentioned in documents in 1349 under the name Villar subtus Yens , derived from the late Latin word villare (hamlet). With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Villars-sous-Yens came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . In the 18th century the village was owned by the Tavel family. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Villars-sous-Yens belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Morges district.
The parish church of Villars-sous-Yens was mentioned as early as 1177 and was under the canons of the Great Saint Bernard. In 1796 a rectangular hall was added to the church. In the town center there are some typical farmhouses from the 18th and 19th centuries.
- Official website of the municipality of Villars-sous-Yens (French)
- Aerial photography
- François Béboux: Villars-sous-Yens. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .