La Chaux (Cossonay)
|La Chaux (Cossonay)|
|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5474|
|Postal code :||1308|
|Height range :||530–623 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||6.74 km²|
|Residents:||410 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||61 inhabitants per km²|
Church of La Chaux (Cossonay)
|Location of the municipality|
La Chaux (Cossonay) ([ la ʃo ], in the native Franco-Provencal dialect [ (a) la ʦo ]) is a municipality in the Morges district of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland . Until 1952 the municipality was officially called La Chaux (VD) .
The area of the municipal area of 6.7 km² covers a section of the gently undulating Vaud Central Plateau. The area is crossed from south to north by the wide basin of the Veyron, a right tributary of the Venoge . To the east, the communal soil extends to the edge of the Bois du Sépey forest (up to ). In the west, La Chaux extends over the height of Chantemerle ( ) and the valley of the Gèbre (tributary of the Veyron) to the Jura foot plateau, on which at the highest point is reached. The area extends in a narrow corner as far as the Venoge near the Le Vallon estate. In 1997, 6% of the municipal area was in settlements, 17% in forests and woodland, 76% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.
With 410 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), La Chaux (Cossonay) is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 90.1% of the residents are French-speaking, 4.0% German-speaking and 2.0% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of La Chaux (Cossonay) was 484 in 1850, compared to 364 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 214 people by 1970, a significant increase in population has been observed since then.
Until the second half of the 20th century, La Chaux (Cossonay) was predominantly an agricultural village. Even today, have agriculture , the livestock and dairy sector an important role in the employment structure of the population. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community. Many employees are therefore commuters who work primarily in the greater Lausanne area.
The community has good transport connections. It is located on the main road from Cossonay over the Col du Mollendruz pass into the Vallée de Joux . La Chaux (Cossonay) also has good connections with La Sarraz and Morges . The village is connected to the public transport network through the Postbus course that runs from Cossonay to L'Isle .
The remains of two Roman villas have been found in the municipality . The place was first mentioned in a document in 1228 under the name La Chaus . In 1277 the name domus de Calce and in 1450 Calcis appeared in Vuodo . The place name is derived from the Latin word calx (limestone). The hamlet of Ittens was first mentioned as Villa Ittinges in 964 . Later, the spellings Idens (1005), Itteins (1238) and 1387 the current name, which goes back to the Burgundian personal name Itto and means Itto among the people .
La Chaux (Cossonay) and Ittens belonged to the Lords of Cossonay in the Middle Ages . These donated La Chaux to the Knights Templar in 1223, while they kept Itten. When this order was dissolved in 1311, La Chaux came to the Johanniter . With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, La Chaux and Ittens came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . With the introduction of the Reformation , the Johanniterkommende was secularized. In 1674 the two villages were merged due to a marriage between the owners of the respective rule. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , La Chaux belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Cossonay district.
The current parish church of Saint-Michel was built after several renovations (especially in 1613 and 1781) from the former chapel from the 15th century. The former monastery church no longer exists. After the Reformation the Commandery was converted into a manor house.
- Official website of the municipality of La Chaux (Cossonay) (French)
- Eric Vion: Chaux, La (Cossonay). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Chantal Schüle-Marro, La Chaux VD (Cossonay) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss community names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG) , Center de dialectologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 495.