|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5500|
|Postal code :||1141|
|Height range :||558–631 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||2.38 km²|
|Residents:||225 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||95 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Sévery is at Morges (linear distance). The clustered village extends on the high plateau of the western Waadtländer Mittelland , north of the village stream Combagnou , which belongs to the catchment area of the Morges ., 8 km north-northwest of the district capital
The area of the 2.4 km² municipal area comprises a section of the gently undulating high plateau in the Vaud Central Plateau. The parish grounds extend on a slope that slopes slightly to the east. The northern part is drained from the Combagnou, the southern part from the Morges to Lake Geneva . On the forest height at La Violette is the highest point of Sévery. In 1997, 5% of the municipal area was in settlements, 10% in forests and woodlands, 84% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.
With 225 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Sévery is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 92.8% of the residents are French-speaking, 3.6% German-speaking and 1.6% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Sévery was 162 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 115 by 1960, a clear increase in population was observed again with a doubling of the population within 40 years.
Sévery was a predominantly agricultural village until the second half of the 20th century . Even today, agriculture and fruit growing have a certain importance in the income structure of the population. A nut oil mill built in 1598 is still in operation today. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. There is a stamping shop and mechanical workshops in the village. In the last few decades the village has also developed into a residential community. Many workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in Morges and the greater Lausanne area .
The community is located away from major thoroughfares on a connecting road from Morges to L'Isle . The village itself has no connection to public transport. The Pampigny station on the narrow-gauge railway line from L'Isle to Apples on the Chemin de fer Bière – Apples – Morges, opened on September 12, 1896, is just 0.5 km from the town center.
The municipality of Sévery was settled at an early stage, as evidenced by traces of a Roman villa and early medieval graves. The first written mention of the place took place in 979 under the name Siuiriaco . Later the names Severiacum (1007), Syviriez (1453) and Syvirie , Sivirier and Siviriez appeared . The place name goes back to the Latin personal name Sever (i) us .
The Abbey of Saint-Maurice owned rich estates in the municipality . The village has belonged to the Cossonay rule since the Middle Ages . With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Sévery came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Cossonay district.
The medieval church of Saint-Maurice was extensively restored in 1911. Sévery owned two castles. One castle, north of the village, was first mentioned in 1007 and was one of the oldest castles in the Vaud region. The building, which fell into ruin over time, was used as a quarry and completely demolished in 1885. To the south of the village, another castle was built in the 13th century with the plan of a Carré savoyard. Only a round tower of this Gothic castle remains, the rest was destroyed around 1765 and the building material was used for the construction of today's pleasure palace (1768).
- Official website of the municipality of Sévery (French)
- François Béboux: Sévery. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- History of the castles of Sévery (French)
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- L'huile de noix suisse, une tradition santé . In: Tamedia Commercial Publishing (Ed.): Femina . No. 9 . Lausanne March 3, 2019, p. 26 .