|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5634|
|Postal code :||1112 Echichens
|Height range :||415-577 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||13.27 km²|
|Residents:||3058 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||230 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Echichens lies at Morges (linear distance). The village extends on the edge of a plateau east of the Morges , in the Vaud Central Plateau , in a panoramic position around 100 m above lake level of Lake Geneva ., 2 km north of the district capital
The area of the 2.6 km² municipality covers a section of the Vaud Central Plateau in the hinterland of Morges. Most of the area is covered by the high plateau, which is Venoge . In 1997, 20% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 9% for forests and woodlands and 71% for agriculture.reaches the highest point of Echichens at the height of Haute Pierre. In the west, the municipality extends to the mouth of the Baillon brook in the Morges. To the south the area extends to the outskirts of Morges, and in the north over the hill Crêt Blanc ( ) to the headwaters of the stream Arena , a right side stream of the
Echichens includes the hamlets of Joulens ( Vullieren , in the north-northeast Aclens , in the northeast Romanel-sur-Morges , in the east Bremblens , in the southeast Lonay , in the south Morges , in the southwest Vufflens-le-Château , in the west Vaux-sur-Morges , in the west-northwest Clarmont , in the north-west of Apple and Sévery and in the north-north-west of Cottens .) west of the village and Le Vernay . Neighboring municipalities of Echichens are in the north
With 3,058 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Echichens is one of the smaller communities in the canton of Vaud. 89.1% of the residents are French-speaking, 3.9% German-speaking and 2.0% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Echichens was 300 inhabitants in 1850 and 358 in 1900. Since 1960 (471 inhabitants) there has been a rapid population increase, with the number of inhabitants doubling within 40 years.
Up until the middle of the 20th century, Echichens was predominantly an agricultural village. Today arable farming has only a subordinate role in the employment structure of the population. There are large wine-growing areas on the south and south-east slopes of the plateau . Further jobs are available in local small businesses and especially in the service sector. The Pestalozzi School (Ecole Pestalozzi) has been located in Echichens since 1828. Echichens also owns a retirement and nursing home and a home for people with impaired behavior ( Cité radieuse ). In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in Morges and Lausanne.
The community has good transport connections. It is located on the cantonal road from Morges to Cottens . The motorway connections Morges-Ouest and Morges-Est on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 are around 2 km from the town. Echichens is connected to the public transport network through the Postbus course, which runs from Morges to Cossonay .
Remains of a Roman villa near Joulens bear witness to the early settlement of the municipality. The first written mention of the place took place in 1131 under the name Chichens . Later the names Echichen (1177), Eschichens (1213), Eschicheins and Eschichins (1238) appeared. The place name probably goes back to the Burgundian personal name Kiko and means for the people of Kiko .
The Lausanne cathedral chapter and the Lac de Joux ( L'Abbaye ) abbey had owned rich estates in Echichens since the Middle Ages . The lordship of Echichen was subordinate to the Lords of Cossonay , was divided into several fiefdoms in the 14th century and was bought by the city of Morges in 1777. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Echichens came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Morges district.
The current parish church was built in 1894 and has a richly decorated apse . The mother church of the area, mentioned in 1173, was located in the hamlet of Joulens (on the site of today's cemetery) and served as a parish church for the residents of Morges until the Reformation . The castle of Echichens with two towers was built in the 18th century and today houses the municipal administration in the economic section.
- Official website of the municipality of Echichens (French)
- Thérèse Forbes-Jaeger: Echichens. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .