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Echichens coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of VaudCanton of Vaud Vaud (VD)
District : Morgesw
BFS no. : 5634i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 1112 Echichens
1113 Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges
1114 Colombier
1125 Monnaz
Coordinates : 527 875  /  153191 coordinates: 46 ° 31 '34 "  N , 6 ° 29' 55"  O ; CH1903:  five hundred twenty-seven thousand eight hundred and seventy-five  /  153191
Height : 466  m above sea level M.
Height range : 415-577 m above sea level M.
Area : 13.27  km²
Residents: 3058 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 230 inhabitants per km²


Location of the municipality
Frankreich Genfersee Lac de Joux Frankreich Frankreich Bezirk Gros-de-Vaud Bezirk Jura-Nord vaudois Bezirk Lausanne Bezirk Nyon Bezirk Ouest lausannois Aclens Allaman Apples Aubonne VD Ballens Berolle Bière Bougy-Villars Bremblens Buchillon Bussy-Chardonney La Chaux (Cossonay) Chavannes-le-Veyron Chevilly VD Chigny VD Clarmont Cossonay Cottens VD Cuarnens Denens Denges Dizy VD Echandens Echichens Eclépens Etoy VD Féchy Ferreyres Gimel VD Gollion Grancy L’Isle VD Lavigny VD Lonay Lully VD Lussy-sur-Morges Mauraz Moiry VD Mollens VD Montherod Mont-la-Ville Montricher VD Morges Orny VD Pampigny Pompaples Préverenges Reverolle Romanel-sur-Morges Saint-Livres Saint-Oyens Saint-Prex La Sarraz Saubraz Senarclens Sévery Tolochenaz Vaux-sur-Morges Villars-sous-Yens Vufflens-le-Château Vullierens YensMap of Echichens
About this picture

Echichens is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .


Echichens lies at 466  m above sea level. M. , 2 km north of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The village extends on the edge of a plateau east of the Morges , in the Vaud Central Plateau , in a panoramic position around 100 m above lake level of Lake Geneva .

The area of ​​the 2.6 km² municipality covers a section of the Vaud Central Plateau in the hinterland of Morges. Most of the area is covered by the high plateau, which is 495  m above sea level. M. reaches the highest point of Echichens at the height of Haute Pierre. In the west, the municipality extends to the mouth of the Baillon brook in the Morges. To the south the area extends to the outskirts of Morges, and in the north over the hill Crêt Blanc ( 475  m above sea level ) to the headwaters of the stream Arena , a right side stream of the Venoge . In 1997, 20% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 9% for forests and woodlands and 71% for agriculture.

Echichens includes the hamlets of Joulens ( 469  m above sea level ) west of the village and Le Vernay . Neighboring municipalities of Echichens are in the north Vullieren , in the north-northeast Aclens , in the northeast Romanel-sur-Morges , in the east Bremblens , in the southeast Lonay , in the south Morges , in the southwest Vufflens-le-Château , in the west Vaux-sur-Morges , in the west-northwest Clarmont , in the north-west of Apple and Sévery and in the north-north-west of Cottens .


With 3,058 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Echichens is one of the smaller communities in the canton of Vaud. 89.1% of the residents are French-speaking, 3.9% German-speaking and 2.0% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Echichens was 300 inhabitants in 1850 and 358 in 1900. Since 1960 (471 inhabitants) there has been a rapid population increase, with the number of inhabitants doubling within 40 years.


Up until the middle of the 20th century, Echichens was predominantly an agricultural village. Today arable farming has only a subordinate role in the employment structure of the population. There are large wine-growing areas on the south and south-east slopes of the plateau . Further jobs are available in local small businesses and especially in the service sector. The Pestalozzi School (Ecole Pestalozzi) has been located in Echichens since 1828. Echichens also owns a retirement and nursing home and a home for people with impaired behavior ( Cité radieuse ). In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in Morges and Lausanne.


The community has good transport connections. It is located on the cantonal road from Morges to Cottens . The motorway connections Morges-Ouest and Morges-Est on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 are around 2 km from the town. Echichens is connected to the public transport network through the Postbus course, which runs from Morges to Cossonay .


Remains of a Roman villa near Joulens bear witness to the early settlement of the municipality. The first written mention of the place took place in 1131 under the name Chichens . Later the names Echichen (1177), Eschichens (1213), Eschicheins and Eschichins (1238) appeared. The place name probably goes back to the Burgundian personal name Kiko and means for the people of Kiko .

The Lausanne cathedral chapter and the Lac de Joux ( L'Abbaye ) abbey had owned rich estates in Echichens since the Middle Ages . The lordship of Echichen was subordinate to the Lords of Cossonay , was divided into several fiefdoms in the 14th century and was bought by the city of Morges in 1777. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Echichens came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Morges district.

With effect from July 1, 2011, the formerly independent communities of Colombier , Monnaz and Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges merged with Echichens, which is also the name of the new community.


The current parish church was built in 1894 and has a richly decorated apse . The mother church of the area, mentioned in 1173, was located in the hamlet of Joulens (on the site of today's cemetery) and served as a parish church for the residents of Morges until the Reformation . The castle of Echichens with two towers was built in the 18th century and today houses the municipal administration in the economic section.

Web links

Commons : Echichens  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .