|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5649|
|Postal code :||1131|
|Coordinates :||525 906 / 150 837|
|Height :||423 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||372–431 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||1.59 km²|
|Residents:||1933 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||1216 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Tolochenaz is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Tolochenaz is 423 m above sea level. M. 2 km as the crow flies west of the district capital Morges . The village is located on a plateau in the Vaud Central Plateau ; Located 50 m above lake level, it offers a good view of Lake Geneva .
The 1.6 km² municipal area is located on the north shore of Lake Geneva. The community extends from the lakeshore northwest over the flat edge of the bank to the plateau of Tolochenaz, which is 430 m above sea level. M. highest elevation in the community. In the south the area extends to the Boiron de Morges , which flows into the lake with a small alluvial cone. In 1997, 51% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 8% for forests and woodlands and 41% for agriculture.
Tolochenaz has an extensive commercial and industrial zone on the western edge of Morges. The neighboring municipalities of Tolochenaz are Saint-Prex , Lully , Chigny and Morges . The settlement areas of Tolochenaz and Morges have grown together almost completely.
With 1933 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Tolochenaz is one of the medium-sized municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 84.2% of the residents are French-speaking, 5.2% German-speaking and 2.6% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Tolochenaz was 217 in 1900. In the course of the 20th century the population increased continuously, in the last few decades it has increased sharply. Since 1960 (479 inhabitants) the number of inhabitants has tripled.
Tolochenaz was a predominantly agricultural village until the middle of the 20th century . Today arable farming has only a marginal importance in the employment structure of the population. There are a few small wine-growing areas and orchards.
Since the 1960s, a large industrial and commercial area was created between the railway line and the motorway, which markedly changed the economic structure of the village. Important companies in the transport industry (Friderici SA), the construction industry and, since 1995, the Medtronic company (medical technologies) have settled here. Tolochenaz is also home to the training center of the Vaudois builders' association (Ecole Vaudoise de la Construction). In recent years the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many workers are also commuters who work mainly in Lausanne and Morges.
The community has good transport connections. The town center is on the main road from Morges to Bière . The Morges-Ouest motorway junction on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 , which crosses the municipality, is around 1 km from the town. On April 14, 1858, the section from Morges to Coppet of the Lausanne-Geneva railway line with a station in Tolochenaz was put into operation. However, this is located a little outside the village and was closed in December 2011 due to insufficient demand. Tolochenaz is connected to the public transport network through a post bus that runs from Morges to Lavigny and has excellent connections with Morges train station.
Bronze Age graves have been found in the municipal area of Tolochenaz . With the first documentary mention in the year 561 under the name Tolochina , Tolochenaz is one of the earliest recorded places in the region. Later the names Tolochene (593), Tolochino (1173), Tolozzina (1221) and Tholochinaz (1313) appeared. The village came to the Lausanne Cathedral Chapter in 962. It only lost its former importance with the founding of the city of Morges in the 13th century.
With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Tolochenaz came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Morges district.
In the old town center there are some farmhouses from the 18th and 19th centuries. Various buildings of modern architecture are represented in the large commercial zone.
The villa "Riond-Bosson", built in the Venetian style in 1882, was the residence of the Polish pianist and statesman Ignacy Jan Paderewski . One of the most famous citizens was Audrey Hepburn , actress and goodwill ambassador to UNICEF , who lived for thirty years from 1963 until her death in 1993 on her estate "La Paisible", a renovated 18th century farmhouse set in two and a half acres of orchards. lived; Her grave is in the local cemetery. Another prominent resident was the Swedish tenor Nicolai Gedda (1925-2017). The French singer Zizi Jeanmaire (1924-2020) died in Tolochenaz.
- Official website of the municipality of Tolochenaz (French)
- François Béboux: Tolochenaz. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ↑ Tolochenaz - La hold CFF de la commune sera rétablie lorsque la 3e voie aura été réalisée. on regionmorges.ch