|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|Postal code :||1113|
|Coordinates :||527049 / 155363|
|Height :||530 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||3.85 km²|
|Residents:||462 (December 31, 2010)|
|Population density :||120 inhabitants per km²|
Until June 30, 2011, Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges was a municipality in the Morges district of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland . On July 1, 2011, Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges merged with the municipalities of Colombier , Echichens and Monnaz to form the new municipality of Echichens.
Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges is 530 m above sea level. M. , four kilometers north of the district capital Morges (as the crow flies). The farming village extends over a wide knoll between the valleys of Senoge in the west and Arena in the east, in the south-west of the Gros de Vaud , in the Vaud Central Plateau , in a panoramic position around 150 m above lake level of Lake Geneva .
The area of the 3.9 km² municipal area includes a section of the Gros de Vaud, the granary of the canton of Vaud. The municipality floor extends at the height of Saint-Saphorin, at 537 m above sea level. M. the highest point of the municipality is reached. To the north the area extends to the Trente-Chiens hill . In the south is the headwaters of the Arena stream , which flows to the Venoge . In 1997, 6% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 4% for forests and woodlands and 90% for agriculture.
Several individual farms belong to Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges. Before the merger, the neighboring municipalities of Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges were Colombier , Vullierens , Aclens , Romanel-sur-Morges , Bremblens , Echichens and Monnaz .
With 462 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2010) Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 90.3% of the residents are French-speaking, 3.4% German-speaking and 1.1% English-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges was 223 in 1870 and 206 in 1900. Since 1990 (218 inhabitants) there has been a rapid increase in population, with the number of inhabitants doubling within 10 years.
Until the second half of the 20th century, Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges was a predominantly agricultural village. Even today, agriculture and viticulture have an important role in the income structure of the population. Several small wine-growing areas are located on the slope below the village. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. In recent years the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many workers are therefore commuters who work primarily in Lausanne and Morges.
Although the community is located away from major thoroughfares, it is still well developed in terms of traffic. It is located on the cantonal road from Morges to Cottens . The Morges-Ouest motorway junction on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 is around 5 km from the town. Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges is connected to the public transport network through a postbus course that runs from Morges via Cottens to Cossonay.
Traces of a Roman building and a Burgundian burial ground were discovered in the municipality . The first written mention of the place took place in 1171 under the name Sancti Simphoriani . The place name goes back to the holy symphories. The place belonged to the Lords of Cossonay since the Middle Ages . With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Morges district.
The Saint-Symphorien church, mentioned in the 12th century, was rebuilt in 1731. It contains a tombstone of General François-Louis de Pesmes . The monumental three-story Saint-Saphorin Castle was built in the 17th century on the site of a previous medieval building. To the east of the village is the 16th century manor de Mestral. Some characteristic farmhouses from the 17th to 19th centuries have been preserved in the town center.
- Armand François Louis de Mestral de Saint-Saphorin (1738–1805), nobleman and Danish envoy
- History of Colombier on the website of the municipality of Echiens (French)
- Community information
- François Béboux: Saint-Saphorin-sur-Morges. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ^ La nouvelle commune d'Echichens , French , accessed September 30, 2012