|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5643|
|Postal code :||1028|
|UN / LOCODE :||CH PRS|
|Coordinates :||530 060 / 152301|
|Height :||405 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||372–433 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||1.87 km²|
|Residents:||5287 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||2827 inhabitants per km²|
|Unemployment rate :||4.3% (May 31, 2,015)|
|Location of the municipality|
Préverenges is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Préverenges is 405 m above sea level. M. , 2.5 km east-northeast of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The village extends on a front terrace southwest of the Monteiron hill, in the Vaudois Central Plateau , in a panoramic position around 30 m above lake level of Lake Geneva .
The 1.8 km² municipal area covers a small section on the north shore of Lake Geneva. The community soil extends from the lakeshore northwards over the edge of the bank and the gently rising slope up to the Monteiron hill , on which at 433 m above sea level. M. the highest point of Préverenges is reached. The Bief brook forms the western and north-western boundary . In the east, the area extends to the course of the Venoge , which over time has created an alluvial cone at its confluence with Lake Geneva. In 1997, 57% of the municipal area was in settlements, 4% in forests and woodlands, 38% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.
Préverenges includes extensive single-family home quarters along Lake Geneva. The neighboring municipalities of Préverenges are Morges , Lonay , Denges and Saint-Sulpice . The settlement area of Préverenges has almost seamlessly merged with those of Morges and Saint-Sulpice.
With 5287 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Préverenges is one of the medium-sized municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 84.1% of the residents are French-speaking, 5.1% German-speaking and 3.0% Italian-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Préverenges was 243 in 1860 and 254 in 1900. Since 1960 (616 inhabitants) there has been a rapid population increase with almost a sixfold increase in the number of inhabitants within 40 years.
Until the first half of the 20th century, Préverenges was predominantly an agricultural village. Today arable farming has only a marginal importance in the employment structure of the population. There is a smaller wine-growing region on the southern slope of Monteiron .
A brick factory was founded in the 15th century and ceased operations in 1914. Since the 1950s, numerous companies have settled in the industrial and commercial zones of Préverenges. Companies in the body and metal construction, the building trade and a company that specializes in neon advertising are important. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many workers are therefore commuters who work primarily in Lausanne and Morges.
Préverenges also has a good tourist infrastructure with a boat harbor. A sandy beach stretches along the lakeshore.
The community has good transport connections. It is located on main road 1 from Geneva along the lakeshore to Lausanne . The Morges-Est motorway junction on the A1 (Geneva – Lausanne) opened in 1964 is around 2 km from the village. Préverenges is connected to the public transport network by a bus from the Transports publics de la région Lausannoise , which runs from Morges to Ecublens . The Lonay-Préverenges station is located just outside the municipality on the Renens - Morges line on the Lausanne-Geneva railway line, which was inaugurated on July 1, 1855.
The municipality of Préverenges was inhabited very early. Remains of a Neolithic settlement and a pile dwelling village from the Bronze Age were discovered on the lakeshore . The place was first mentioned in 1177 under the name Preverengia , and in 1228 the name Preverenges appeared . The place name probably goes back to the Burgundian personal name Berwer or Perwer and means for the people of Berwer .
Since the Middle Ages , the rule of Préverenges has been dependent on the Lords of Colombier and the Lausanne Cathedral Chapter. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Préverenges came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Morges district.
A church is mentioned as early as 1156 and belonged to the Saint-Sulpice priory . The current baroque construction of the church comes from the fundamental redesign in the years 1791–1792. Préverenges has had its own community library since 1701. There is also a manor house from the 18th century (east of the village) and the Rionzi house from 1846 west of the village center.
There is a long sandy beach in the municipality on the shores of Lake Geneva . West of the mouth of the Venoge , the Île aux oiseaux , an artificial island as a habitat for migratory birds, was raised in the lake .
- Official website of the municipality of Préverenges (French)
- François Béboux: Préverenges. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ↑ Demandeurs d'emploi, chômeurs et taux de chômage par commune. ( XLS , 115 kB) Statistique Vaud, Département des finances et des relations extérieures (Statistics Vaud, Department of Finance and Foreign Affairs), accessed on June 14, 2015 (French).