|VD is the abbreviation for the canton of Vaud in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Chigny .|
|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5628|
|Postal code :||1134|
|Coordinates :||526 225 / 152501|
|Height :||445 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||388-460 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||0.89 km²|
|Residents:||359 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||403 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Chigny ([ ʃini ] or [ ʃiɲi ], in the native Franco-Provencal dialect [ (a) ʒəˈɲiː ]) is a municipality in the Morges district of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Chigny is 445 m above sea level. M. , 2 km northwest of the district capital Morges (air line). The farming village extends on a slope slightly to the south west of the Morges valley , in a panoramic position around 70 m above the lake level of Lake Geneva .
The area of the municipality, which is just 0.9 km² in size, covers a small section of the Vaud Central Plateau in the hinterland of Morges. The municipal soil extends from the flat area north of Lake Geneva northwards to the adjacent slopes. Below Vufflens-le-Château is 462 m above sea level. M. reached the highest point of Chigny. The eastern boundary forms the wooded valley of the Morges, which is slightly sunk into the hills and plateaus. In 1997, 17% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 5% for forests and woodlands and 78% for agriculture.
In addition to the compact old town center located in the middle of the vineyards, Chigny includes the hamlet of La Motte ( 440 m above sea level ) southwest of the village and the single-family housing estates La Morgette ( 410 m above sea level ) on the left slope of the Morges and L'Eglantine ( 425 m above sea level ) on the plateau below the village. Neighboring municipalities to Chigny are Morges , Tolochenaz , Lully and Vufflens-le-Château .
With 359 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Chigny is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 85.3% of the residents are French-speaking, 4.3% English-speaking and 3.5% German-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Chigny was 119 in 1850 and 147 in 1900. Since 1960 (115 inhabitants) there has been a rapid population increase with the number of inhabitants doubling within 40 years.
Until the second half of the 20th century, Chigny was mainly an agricultural village. Even today, viticulture on the southern slopes around the village and agriculture on the plateau below Chigny have an important role in the livelihood structure of the population. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in Morges and Lausanne.
Although the community is located away from major thoroughfares, it is still well developed in terms of traffic. It is located on the cantonal road from Morges to Vufflens-le-Château . The Morges-Ouest motorway junction on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 is around 2 km from Chigny. On July 1, 1895, the narrow-gauge railway Bière-Apples-Morges with a stop near Chigny was put into operation.
The place was first mentioned in a document in 1221 under the name Chinie . In 1228 the spelling Chinni and 1232 Chignie appeared . The place name is probably derived from the personal name Canius . Chigny has belonged to the Vufflens-le-Château estate since the Middle Ages . With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, the village came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Chigny belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Morges district. Chigny does not have its own church; it has belonged to the parish of Vufflens-le-Château since the Reformation .
- Community information
- François Béboux: Chigny. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ↑ Nicolas Pépin / Andres Kristol, Chigny VD (Morges) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss community names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG) , Center de dialectologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 246.