|VD is the abbreviation for the canton of Vaud in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Etoy .|
|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5636|
|Postal code :||1163|
|UN / LOCODE :||CH ETO|
|Height range :||389–496 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||4.92 km²|
|Residents:||2898 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||589 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Etoy lies at Morges (air line). The village extends on the slightly south-sloping slope north of Lake Geneva , east of the Aubonne valley , in a panoramic position around 80 m above lake level of Lake Geneva., 7 km west-southwest of the district capital
The area of the 4.9 km² municipal area covers a section north of Lake Geneva. The community soil extends from the terrace at Buchillon northwards up the gently sloping slope to below the hill Le Châtelard , where at Boirontal . In 1997, 22% of the municipal area was in settlements, 6% in forests and woodlands, 71% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.the highest point of Etoy is reached. The western boundary is the winding course of the Aubonne, in the east the area extends to the edge of the
With 2898 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Etoy is one of the medium-sized municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 85.2% of the residents are French-speaking, 5.2% Portuguese-speaking and 4.1% German-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Etoy was 474 in 1850 and 663 in 1900. Since 1980 (891 inhabitants) there has been a rapid increase in population with almost tripling the number of inhabitants within 20 years.
Etoy was a predominantly agricultural village until the middle of the 20th century . Even today, agriculture and viticulture have a certain importance in the income structure of the population. There are several large wine-growing areas in the vicinity of the village, and fruit growing also plays a role.
An extensive industrial and commercial quarter that offers numerous jobs has been built on the main road along Lake Geneva since the 1970s. It includes several warehouses, a branch of the Pfister furniture store, the headquarters of the banana exporter Chiquita and numerous smaller companies. The L'Espérance nursing home, founded in 1872 for the mentally handicapped, is also located in Etoy. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in Morges and Lausanne.
The community is well developed in terms of traffic, although it is away from major thoroughfares. It has road links with Buchillon , Saint-Prex and Lavigny . The Aubonne motorway junction on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 , which crosses the municipality, is around 3 km from the town.
The Etoy stop on the section from Morges to Coppet of the Lausanne – Geneva line, which opened on April 14, 1858, is right on the border of the municipal area. The village is connected to the public transport network through a postbus course that runs from Etoy gare via Buchillon and Etoy to Aubonne .
Finds from the Neolithic , the La Tène period and the foundations of a Roman villa bear witness to the very early settlement of the municipality. The first written mention of the place took place in 1145 under the name Stuie . Numerous other spellings appeared later: Estui (1167), Stoy (1177), Estue (1215), Estuve (1228), Estuy (1269), Estuez (1349), Stuez (1379) and Estuey (1430).
The priory of Saint Nicolas of Etoy, mentioned in 1145, belonged to the Canons of the Great St. Bernard , but was under the direct supervision of the Lords of Aubonne. Since the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Etoy shared the fortunes of Aubonne. The priory was secularized at that time and the priory's land ownership was converted into the lordship of Etoy, which was acquired by Bern in 1772. With the creation of the Aubonne Bailiwick in 1701, the village was assigned to it. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Etoy belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was first assigned to the Aubonne district, then in 1803 to the Morges district.
Much of the Saint-Nicolas church dates back to the 13th century, but it was redesigned during the Reformation . The massive front tower used to serve as a defense tower. Inside the church there is a triumphal arch from the 12th century. No remains of the original priory buildings are visible. A castle was built on the site of the priory in the 16th century, the current shape of which dates from the 18th century. To the south-west of the church is an important mansion built in the 17th and 18th centuries with three-storey loggias. In the center of the village there are some characteristic farm and wine-growing houses from the 17th to 19th centuries. The compact hamlet of La Romanèche has also retained its appearance.
- Official website of the municipality of Etoy (French)
- Germain Hausmann: Etoy. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Andres Kristol / Florence Cattin, Étoy VD (Morges) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss community names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG) , Center de dialectologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 341.