|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5426|
|Postal code :||1172|
|Coordinates :||516 699 / 148086|
|Height :||548 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||462–720 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||1.77 km²|
|Residents:||488 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||276 inhabitants per km²|
View of Bougy-Villars
|Location of the municipality|
Bougy-Villars is a municipality in the Morges district of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Bougy-Villars lies at 548 m above sea level. M. , above Rolle , 11 km west-southwest of the district capital Morges (as the crow flies). The wine-growing village extends in the middle of the vineyards on the southern slope of the Vaudois Côte, in a panoramic position around 170 m above lake level of Lake Geneva .
The area of the 1.8 km² municipality covers a section of the Vaudois Côte. The municipality floor extends from the foot of the slope northwards over the vineyards of the Côte to the Signal de Bougy viewpoint ( 707 m above sea level ). In a narrow corner, the area extends to the northwest into the headwaters of the Armary near the La Gingine estate . At the elongated height of the Signal de Bougy is 720 m above sea level. M. reached the highest point of Bougy-Villars. In 1997, 19% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 25% for forests and trees and 56% for agriculture.
Some wineries and individual farms belong to Bougy-Villars. Neighboring municipalities of Bougy-Villars are Aubonne , Féchy , Perroy , Mont-sur-Rolle and Essertines-sur-Rolle .
With 488 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Bougy-Villars is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. Of the residents, 85.1% are French-speaking, 8.1% German-speaking and 2.7% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Bougy-Villars was 304 in 1850 and 271 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 211 in 1960, the population has since increased rapidly, with the number of inhabitants doubling within 40 years.
Until the middle of the 20th century, Bougy-Villars was a predominantly agricultural village. Agriculture still plays an important role as a livelihood for the population. On the entire slope of the Côte below an altitude of 550 to 600 m above sea level. M. is operated viticulture . At the level of the Signal de Bougy, livestock and agriculture predominate. Further jobs are available in local trade and especially in the service sector. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community thanks to its attractive location. Many workers are therefore commuters.
Although the community is off the main thoroughfares, it is still well developed in terms of transport. There are road connections to Rolle and Aubonne . The Rolle motorway junction on the A1 (Geneva-Lausanne) opened in 1964 is around 3 km from the town. Bougy-Villars is connected to the public transport network through the Postbus course, which runs from Rolle to Aubonne.
The first written mention of the place took place in 996 under the name in villa Balgedelco . Later the names Balgels , Balgeel (1052), Bougels and 1285 Bougy-Milon appeared . This place name remained until the end of the 19th century. Afterwards the municipality was called Bougy and since 1953 Bougy-Villars .
The place originally belonged to Romainmôtier Abbey , but the Bonmont Cistercian monastery also owned land in Bougy-Villars. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, the village came under the administration of the Kastlanei Mont-le-Vieux in the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Bougy-Villars belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Aubonne district.
The small village has two churches. The first church was built in the 19th century a little above the village by converting a former cheese dairy and adding a bell tower. Because this church was threatened by a landslide at the beginning of the 20th century, a new church in the Ticino style was built east of the village.
Some characteristic wine-growing houses from the 17th to 19th centuries have been preserved in the town center.
The Hotel du Signal , built in 1902 on the heights above Bougy-Villars, was demolished to create a leisure area and a public park (Pré Vert).
- Sébastien Loeb , motor sportsman, currently residing in Bougy-Villars
- Official website of the municipality of Bougy-Villars (French)
- Patricia Ferrari-Dupont: Bougy-Villars. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .