|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5485|
|Postal code :||1117|
|Coordinates :||525408 / 160540|
|Height :||581 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||545–623 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||5.67 km²|
|Residents:||398 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||70 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Grancy is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Grancy lies at 581 m above sea level. M. , 9 km north of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The cluster village extends on the high plateau in the extreme southwest of the Gros de Vaud , in the Vaudois Central Plateau .
The area of the 5.7 km² municipal area covers a section of the gently undulating high plateau of the Waadtländer Mittelland. The poorly structured community soil is bounded in the north by the course of the Veyron . To the west the area extends into the forest area of the Grandes Perrauses and Petites Perrauses and reaches on Mont Pelloux at 614 m above sea level. M. the highest point of Grancy. In 1997, 5% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 27% for forests and woodlands and 68% for agriculture.
The houses of the hamlet of Saint-Denis ( 572 m above sea level ) and some individual farms belong to Grancy, south of the Veyron . The neighboring communities of Grancy are La Chaux (Cossonay) in the north, Senarclens in the east, Vullieren in the south-east , Cottens in the south-west, Pampigny in the west and Chavannes-le-Veyron in the north-west .
With 398 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Grancy is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 92.1% of the residents are French-speaking, 4.0% German-speaking and 1.5% English-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Grancy was 363 in 1850 and 296 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 226 by 1970, a clear increase in population was observed again.
Grancy was a predominantly agricultural village until the second half of the 20th century . Even today, agriculture , fruit growing , cattle breeding and forestry have an important role in the income structure of the population. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. Since the end of the 17th century there have been two mills in Saint-Denis that used the water power of the Veyron. The last was not given up until 1967. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community. Many employees are therefore commuters who work primarily in the greater Lausanne area.
The community is very well developed in terms of traffic. It is located on the main road from Cossonay to Aubonne . Grancy is connected to the public transport network by a PostBus course that runs from Morges via Cottens to Cossonay.
The remains of a Roman villa have been discovered in the municipality of Grancy , which was probably still inhabited during the Burgundian period. There was a Burgundian burial ground nearby. The first written mention of the place took place in 1202 under the name Grantie . In 1219 the name Grancie appeared and in 1572 Grancier .
Grancy has belonged to the Cossonay rule since the Middle Ages , after 1677 it became a separate rule. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, the village came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Grancy belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Cossonay district.
The reformed parish church was built from 1764 to 1770 on the foundations of a previous medieval building. Today's castle was built in the 17th century, the parish hall dates from 1754. In the old town center, several characteristic farmhouses from the 16th to 18th centuries have been preserved.
Sons and daughters of the place
- Samuel Auguste Tissot (1728–1797), doctor
- Auguste Pidou (1754–1821), politician
- Claudia Comte (* 1983), artist
- Official website of the municipality of Grancy (French)
- François Béboux: Grancy. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .