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Coat of arms of Berolle
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of VaudCanton of Vaud Vaud (VD)
District : Morgesw
BFS no. : 5424i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 1149
Coordinates : 515500  /  156935 coordinates: 46 ° 33 '30 "  N , 6 ° 20' 12"  O ; CH1903:  515500  /  156935
Height : 760  m above sea level M.
Height range : 690–1602 m above sea level M.
Area : 9.61  km²
Residents: 305 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 32 inhabitants per km²
Roll over from a distance

Roll over from a distance

Location of the municipality
Frankreich Genfersee Lac de Joux Frankreich Frankreich Bezirk Gros-de-Vaud Bezirk Jura-Nord vaudois Bezirk Lausanne Bezirk Nyon Bezirk Ouest lausannois Aclens Allaman Apples Aubonne VD Ballens Berolle Bière Bougy-Villars Bremblens Buchillon Bussy-Chardonney La Chaux (Cossonay) Chavannes-le-Veyron Chevilly VD Chigny VD Clarmont Cossonay Cottens VD Cuarnens Denens Denges Dizy VD Echandens Echichens Eclépens Etoy VD Féchy Ferreyres Gimel VD Gollion Grancy L’Isle VD Lavigny VD Lonay Lully VD Lussy-sur-Morges Mauraz Moiry VD Mollens VD Montherod Mont-la-Ville Montricher VD Morges Orny VD Pampigny Pompaples Préverenges Reverolle Romanel-sur-Morges Saint-Livres Saint-Oyens Saint-Prex La Sarraz Saubraz Senarclens Sévery Tolochenaz Vaux-sur-Morges Villars-sous-Yens Vufflens-le-Château Vullierens YensMap of Berolle
About this picture

Berolle is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .


Berolle is 760  m above sea level. M. , 14 km west-northwest of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The clustered village extends at the southern foot of the Jura , at a slightly elevated position with great views above the Jura foot plateau.

The area of ​​the 9.6 km² municipal area includes a section on the southern slope of the Jura. The municipality floor extends from the plain of the Jura foot plateau in the area of ​​the headwaters of the Veyron to the northwest over the densely wooded steep slope ( Côte de Berolle ) to the anticline of Mont Tendre . The Crêt de Mondisé ( 1525  m above sea level ) lies in front of the Mont Tendre to the south-east , to the northwest of which there is a small depression and then the actual ridge of the Mont Tendre, on the southern slope of which at 1600  m above sea level. M. the highest point of Berolle is reached. In the area of Pré de Ballens and Druchaux there are extensive Jura high pastures with mighty spruce trees that either stand individually or in groups. In 1997, 3% of the municipal area was in settlements, 61% in forests and woodlands, 35% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.

Berolle includes the hamlets of Grattalau ( 780  m above sea level ), Les Molliettes ( 754  m above sea level ) and La Verrière ( 763  m above sea level ), all close to the village, as well as some individual farms. Berolle's neighboring communities are Bière , Ballens , Mollens , Montricher and Le Chenit .


With 305 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Berolle is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 92.9% of the residents are French-speaking, 1.9% Italian-speaking and 1.9% German-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Berolle was 244 in 1850 and 255 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 128 by 1970, there has been a clear upward trend since then.


Berolle is still a predominantly agricultural village today , with arable farming predominating at the foot of the Jura, while cattle and dairy farming are practiced on the high elevations in the Jura . Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. There was a glassworks in La Verrière from 1730 to 1750. Since Berolle has also developed into a residential community in recent decades, many employed people are commuters.


The municipality is located on the cantonal road that leads from Bière along the foot of the Jura to L'Isle . The Postbus course, which runs from L'Isle via Bière to Gimel , connects Berolle to the public transport network.


Traces of a Roman settlement and graves from the Burgundian period indicate an early settlement of the municipality. The place was first mentioned in a document in 1235 under the name Birula . Later the spellings Berola , Birola (1278), Byrolaz (1322) and Birolaz (1453) appeared. The place name goes back to the diminutive of the old French word berrie ( level ).

Since the Middle Ages there was a small lordship of Berolle, which belonged to the Romainmôtier monastery . With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Berolle came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Aubonne district.


The current construction of the parish church, mentioned in 1397, dates back to 1834. The village fountain was carved out of a boulder that was named Pierre Pétille.

Web links

Commons : Berolle  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .