|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5424|
|Postal code :||1149|
|Coordinates :||515500 / 156935|
|Height :||760 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||690–1602 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||9.61 km²|
|Residents:||305 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||32 inhabitants per km²|
Roll over from a distance
|Location of the municipality|
Berolle is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Berolle is 760 m above sea level. M. , 14 km west-northwest of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The clustered village extends at the southern foot of the Jura , at a slightly elevated position with great views above the Jura foot plateau.
The area of the 9.6 km² municipal area includes a section on the southern slope of the Jura. The municipality floor extends from the plain of the Jura foot plateau in the area of the headwaters of the Veyron to the northwest over the densely wooded steep slope ( Côte de Berolle ) to the anticline of Mont Tendre . The Crêt de Mondisé ( 1525 m above sea level ) lies in front of the Mont Tendre to the south-east , to the northwest of which there is a small depression and then the actual ridge of the Mont Tendre, on the southern slope of which at 1600 m above sea level. M. the highest point of Berolle is reached. In the area of Pré de Ballens and Druchaux there are extensive Jura high pastures with mighty spruce trees that either stand individually or in groups. In 1997, 3% of the municipal area was in settlements, 61% in forests and woodlands, 35% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.
Berolle includes the hamlets of Grattalau ( 780 m above sea level ), Les Molliettes ( 754 m above sea level ) and La Verrière ( 763 m above sea level ), all close to the village, as well as some individual farms. Berolle's neighboring communities are Bière , Ballens , Mollens , Montricher and Le Chenit .
With 305 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Berolle is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. 92.9% of the residents are French-speaking, 1.9% Italian-speaking and 1.9% German-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Berolle was 244 in 1850 and 255 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 128 by 1970, there has been a clear upward trend since then.
Berolle is still a predominantly agricultural village today , with arable farming predominating at the foot of the Jura, while cattle and dairy farming are practiced on the high elevations in the Jura . Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. There was a glassworks in La Verrière from 1730 to 1750. Since Berolle has also developed into a residential community in recent decades, many employed people are commuters.
The municipality is located on the cantonal road that leads from Bière along the foot of the Jura to L'Isle . The Postbus course, which runs from L'Isle via Bière to Gimel , connects Berolle to the public transport network.
Traces of a Roman settlement and graves from the Burgundian period indicate an early settlement of the municipality. The place was first mentioned in a document in 1235 under the name Birula . Later the spellings Berola , Birola (1278), Byrolaz (1322) and Birolaz (1453) appeared. The place name goes back to the diminutive of the old French word berrie ( level ).
Since the Middle Ages there was a small lordship of Berolle, which belonged to the Romainmôtier monastery . With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Berolle came under the administration of the Bailiwick of Morges . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Aubonne district.
The current construction of the parish church, mentioned in 1397, dates back to 1834. The village fountain was carved out of a boulder that was named Pierre Pétille.
- Official website of the municipality of Berolle
- Community information
- Frédéric Besson: Berolle. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .