|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5432|
|Postal code :||1174|
|Coordinates :||517 625 / 150296|
|Height :||593 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||522–692 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||4.96 km²|
|Residents:||534 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||108 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Montherod is a municipality in the Morges district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland .
Montherod lies at 593 m above sea level. M. , 10 km west of the district capital Morges (linear distance). The farming village extends on the plateau above the Vaudois Côte, west of the deep valley of the Aubonne river .
The area of the 5.0 km² municipal area includes a section of the plateau at the foot of the Jura. The southern part lies in the headwaters of the Armary stream . To the north, the municipality extends over the valley of the Sandoleyre and the forest Bois des Soules to the valley of the Saubrette, which is deeply dug into the molasse layers . The north-eastern border is formed by the course of the Aubonne, which is dammed in a small pond near La Vaux. The highest point of Montherod is 692 m above sea level. M. reached on the high plateau at La Fouly. In 1997, 5% of the municipal area was in settlements, 46% in forests and woodlands, 48% in agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.
Some individual farms belong to Montherod. The neighboring municipalities of Montherod are Aubonne , Gimel , Saubraz , Bière and Saint-Livres .
With 534 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Montherod is one of the small communities in the canton of Vaud. Of the residents, 87.0% are French-speaking, 4.6% German-speaking and 3.0% English-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Montherod was still 265 in 1900. After the population had decreased to 173 by 1970, a rapid population increase has been recorded since then, with the number of inhabitants doubling within 30 years.
Until the second half of the 20th century, Montherod was predominantly an agricultural village. Agriculture still plays an important role as a livelihood for the population, with agriculture and cattle breeding dominating. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector. The wood museum and much of the Aubonne arboretum are located in the municipality . In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community, which is why many workers do their work abroad.
The community has good transport connections. It is on the main road that leads from Aubonne via Gimel over the Col du Marchairuz into the Vallée de Joux . The Postbus course, which runs from Allaman via Aubonne to Gimel, connects Montherod to the public transport network. Until 1950, the Chemin de fer Allaman-Aubonne-Gimel also stopped a tram in Montherod.
The first written mention of the place took place in the 13th century under the name Montero . Later the names Monterot (1344) and Montherot (1349) appeared. The place name is derived from Mont connected with the personal name Turold . Montherod was subordinate to the Lords of Aubonne. Since the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, the village shared the fortunes of Aubonne and in 1701 came to the bailiffs of Aubonne. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Montherod belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Aubonne district.
- Official website of the municipality of Montherod (French)
- Germain Hausmann: Montherod. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Aerial photography
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .