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Chontamenti in hieroglyphics
Early days
E15 W17 mn

foremost of the western
E15 W17 mn

New kingdom
G4 R14 t

W17 n
t Z4
R13 N25 D4
Q1 A40

Ḫntj-jmntjw-Wsjr Osiris, foremost of the western ones

Chontamenti , (according to old spelling also Khontamenti ) in ancient Egyptian Chenti-imentiu , was originally an Egyptian god of the dead in the necropolis of Abydos in the form of a jackal and was later equated with the deities Anubis and Osiris .

supporting documents

The earliest representations of Chontamenti appear on clay seals from the tombs of rulers ( pharaohs ) of the first and second dynasties. Chontamenti seems to have enjoyed great popularity , especially under King Narmer , Aha and Queen Meritneith .

Name and position

Chontamenti's name means something like: "Foremost of the Westerns". The designation “the western ones” is aimed at the deceased rulers and their followers who were buried in the necropolis on the western bank of the Nile . Chontamenti watched over the graves and the necropolis.

Chontamenti was worshiped as an independent god in the early days . As a guardian and protective deity, he watched over the tombs of the deceased kings in Abydos. He was depicted as a jackal resting with its tail hanging down. But since the deity Anubis also appeared in the form of a jackal, their names were added in full to the images of both deities in order to avoid confusion. Around the middle of the Old Kingdom , Chontamenti and Anubis merged into a single deity. With Osiris from the delta city of Busiris , Chontamenti was connected to the double deity Osiris-Chontamenti .

See also


  • Christian Leitz : Lexicon of the Egyptian gods and names of gods. 5th volume. Peeters Publishers, Leuven 2002, ISBN 90-429-1150-6 .
  • Hans Bonnet : Lexicon of the Egyptian religious history. 3rd, unchanged edition, Nikol, Hamburg 2000, ISBN 3-937872-08-6 .
  • Adolf Erman , Hermann Grapow : Dictionary of the Egyptian language. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1971.
  • Wolfgang Helck : Investigations into the thinite age. (Egyptological treatises, vol. 45). Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1987, ISBN 3-447-02677-4 . Page 117.
  • Edward Brovarski: Two Old Kingdom writing boards from Giza. In: Annales du Service des Antiquités de l´Egypte. No. 71, 1987 edition, pp. 29-52.
  • Michael Rice: Swifter than the arrow: the golden hunting hounds of ancient Egypt. Tauris, London / New York 2006, ISBN 978-1-84511-116-8 , pp. 157 & 158.
  • Michael Rice: Who's who in ancient Egypt. Routledge, London 1999, ISBN 0-415-15448-0 , p. Xli.
  • Toby Wilkinson : Early Dynastic Egypt. Routledge, London 2001, ISBN 0-415-26011-6 , pp. 262 & 292.
  • Wolfgang Helck , Eberhard Otto: Lexicon of Egyptology. 5th volume. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1984, ISBN 3-447-02489-5 , p. 326.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b C. Leitz: Lexicon of the Egyptian gods and names of gods. Leuven 2002, pp. 782-786.