|Chontamenti in hieroglyphics|
foremost of the western
Ḫntj-jmntjw-Wsjr Osiris, foremost of the western ones
Chontamenti , (according to old spelling also Khontamenti ) in ancient Egyptian Chenti-imentiu , was originally an Egyptian god of the dead in the necropolis of Abydos in the form of a jackal and was later equated with the deities Anubis and Osiris .
The earliest representations of Chontamenti appear on clay seals from the tombs of rulers ( pharaohs ) of the first and second dynasties. Chontamenti seems to have enjoyed great popularity , especially under King Narmer , Aha and Queen Meritneith .
Name and position
Chontamenti's name means something like: "Foremost of the Westerns". The designation “the western ones” is aimed at the deceased rulers and their followers who were buried in the necropolis on the western bank of the Nile . Chontamenti watched over the graves and the necropolis.
Chontamenti was worshiped as an independent god in the early days . As a guardian and protective deity, he watched over the tombs of the deceased kings in Abydos. He was depicted as a jackal resting with its tail hanging down. But since the deity Anubis also appeared in the form of a jackal, their names were added in full to the images of both deities in order to avoid confusion. Around the middle of the Old Kingdom , Chontamenti and Anubis merged into a single deity. With Osiris from the delta city of Busiris , Chontamenti was connected to the double deity Osiris-Chontamenti .
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