Local church Frankenstein
|Height :||255 m above sea level NN|
|Residents :||100 (2004)|
|Postal code :||67468|
|Area code :||06329|
Diemerstein Castle and Villa Denis
Diemerstein is a hamlet in the Palatinate Forest that belongs to the Frankenstein community in the Kaiserslautern district in Rhineland-Palatinate . The place gained fame as the temporary residence of the railway engineer Paul Camille von Denis .
The hamlet is located in the Palatinate Forest Nature Park on the outskirts of Frankenstein in the direction of Hochspeyer . The Glasbach flows along the village and forms the boundary to the city of Bad Dürkheim in its upper reaches and flows into the Hochspeyerbach at the southern edge of the village . The part of the Palatinate Forest north of Diemerstein is called the Diemerstein Forest .
The place originated in the 13th century. By the end of the 18th century, Diemerstein formed a condominium because it belonged jointly to the Electoral Palatinate and the County of Wartenberg . Already around 1800 Diemerstein formed a community with the neighboring Frankenstein. In 1928 Diemerstein had 93 residents who lived in 13 residential buildings.
At times there was a small Mennonite church in the 18th century , which was connected with the Mennonite community in Sembach . The local Mennonites were buried in the Protestant cemetery of Frankenstein. Finally, in 1783 , a leaseholder donated a piece of land in Diemerstein on which the Mennonite cemetery, which has existed to the present and is still occupied, was laid out at the foot of the castle ruins. Since 1956 it has been owned by the Goebels family's forest cemetery foundation in Diemerstein / Pfalz .
The place consists of a single street, Diemersteiner Straße , with a few scattered houses. The federal highway 37 runs on the southern outskirts ; Also in this area is the Frankenstein (Pfalz) train station, opened in 1848, on the Mannheim – Saarbrücken railway line . In addition, the place is on the route of a hiking trail, which is marked with a white-green bar . This connects him with, among others, Enkenbach-Alsenborn and Maikammer .
Diemerstein Castle is located on the northern edge of the settlement . At its foot is the Villa Denis , a 19th-century property that the railway pioneer Paul Camille von Denis had built between 1845 and 1849. On April 21, 1861, the Palatinate Gymnastics Association was founded in Villa Denis . The villa is now owned by the Foundation for the University of Kaiserslautern . At the entrance to Diemerstein there were ruins of the former Ritter post office , which is under monument protection and was demolished in January 2012. A children's home and a convalescent home were also located in Diemerstein, but they are now both closed. The buildings of the children's home were completely demolished in 2010 and 2011.
With Diemerstein Castle, Villa Denis, a fountain, a well room and a tomb in the Mennonite cemetery, there are five objects on site that are under monument protection . To the north of the settlement area is the Rattenfels , which also forms the Ritterstein 164 . The rock has weathering that is reminiscent of rat caves.
- Paul Camille von Denis (1792 / 95–1872), railway engineer, received Diemerstein Castle in the middle of the 19th century and had Villa Denis built not far from it
- Theodor Schaller (1900–1993), theologian, headed the local adult education center
- Helmut Otto Schön (* 1941), sculptor and painter, designed the now demolished Diaconal Children's Home in 1984
- frankenstein-historie.de: The Diemersteiner Talmühle 1304-1820 . Retrieved April 18, 2018 .
- daten.digitale-sammlungen.de: List of localities for the Free State of Bavaria . Retrieved April 18, 2018 .
- Hein, Gerhard: Sembach . In: Mennonitisches Lexikon , Vol. 4 (1967), p. 150.
- frankenstein-historie.de: The Mennonite cemetery in the Diemerstein valley (Gerhard Michel and Willi Walther) . Retrieved April 18, 2018 .