Dilgo Khyentse

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche

Dilgo Khyentse Trashi Peljor ( Tib . : dil mgo mkhyen brtse bkra shis dpal 'byor ; * 1910 in Dêgê , Kham ; † September 28, 1991 in Bhutan ) was a master of Vajrayana , scholar, poet , and teacher in 1987 until 1991 as the successor of Düdjom Rinpoche head of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism .


Dilgo Khyentse was born in 1910 in the Denhok Valley in Dege in the Tibetan province of Kham (in today's Kardze district ) to a family of Thrisong Detsen , the 9th century king of Tibet. At the age of seven he was publicly recognized in Shechen Monastery by Shechen Gyeltshab Rinpoche as a Trülku of Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo (1820-1892). During the following years he received a full training in Dharma in general and especially in the tantras of the Nyingma school from various teachers. He was also given extensive training in meditation.

The root teachers Dilgo Khyentses were the Shechen Gyeltshab Rinpoche and Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö (1893-1959). After completing the ngondro , the basic tantric exercises, he spent the next 13 years in retreat (retreat) in remote hermitages and caves near his birthplace.

After he finished his retreat at the age of 28, he spent many years in the presence of Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö. After he had received the authorization of Rinchen Terdzö (the “Collection of Revealed Treasures ”) from him, Dilgo asked Khyentse to be allowed to spend the rest of his life in individual retreat. His lama Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö replied that the time had now come for him to transfer the countless precious teachings to others.

Dilgo Khyentse received the teachings of the Pelpung Monastery through the eleventh Tai Situ Pema Wangchug Gyelpo. The complete instruction in the "Guhyagarbha Tantra", as well as in the related commentaries by Khenpo Tubja . In total, he studied the teachings and practices of various lineages of Tibetan Buddhism with more than 50 great lamas .

As his own teaching activity developed, he became known in Tibet for his ability to present the teachings of each Buddhist lineage according to the style of teaching. The 14th Dalai Lama later regarded him as his most important teacher of the Nyingma tradition and especially of Dzogchen .

After 1959 Dilgo Khyentse fled to Bhutan . He became the teacher of the royal family of Bhutan and one of the most important Buddhist teachers in Bhutan at all.

He later gave regular teachings to the 14th Dalai Lama in exile in India and began teaching all over the Himalayas, India , Southwest Asia and the West. The Dalai Lama regards Dilgo Khyentse as his root teacher.

Yangsi Rinpoche, born on June 30, 1993 (the anniversary of Padmasambhava ), was also recognized by the Dalai Lama as the incarnation of Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche and gave him, read aloud and presented by Trulshig Rinpoche , on 28/29. December 1995 the name "Orgyen Tendzin Jigme Lhündrub".



  • Dilgo Khyentse: The heart jewel of the enlightened - The practice of sight, meditation and behavior. 2nd edition, Theseus, Berlin 1996, ISBN 3-89620-102-6
  • Dilgo Khyentse: The Seven Tibetan Spiritual Exercises - The Heart of Buddhist Practice. 3rd edition, OWBarth, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-502-65354-2
  • Dilgo Khyentse: Enlightened Wisdom - The One Hundred Advice of the Padampa Sangye. Theseus, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-89620-214-6
  • Matthieu Ricard : The Light of Tibet - Life and World of the Spiritual Master Khyentse Rimpoche. Two thousand and one, Frankfurt / M. 1998, ISBN 3-86150-254-2
  • Sogyal Rinpoche : The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying. OWBarth, Bern-Munich-Vienna 1997, ISBN 3-502-62580-8 (Contains various depictions of the relationship between Dilgo Khyentse and his master Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö)


  • Rab-Gsal-Zla-Ba, Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche: Enlightened Courage: An Explanation of Atisha's Seven Point Mind Training. Snow Lion Publications, Ithaca NY 1993, ISBN 1559390239
  • Rab-Gsal-Zla-Ba, Matthieu Ricard, Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche: Guru Yoga - According to the Preliminary Practice of Longchen Nyingtik. Snow Lion Publications, Ithaca NY, ISBN 1559391219
  • Matthieu Ricard , Rab-Gsal-Tla-Ba, Padmakara Translation Group Journey to Enlightenment - The Life and World of Khyentse Rinpoche, Spiritual Teacher from Tibet. Aperture Ed., 1st edition 1996, ISBN 0893816795
  • Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche: The Excellent Path to Enlightenment. Snow Lion Publications, Ithaca NY 1996, ISBN 1559390646
  • Dilgo Khyentse: The Hundred Verses of Advice of Padampa Sangye . Translated by Padmakara Translation Group, Published by Shechen Publications, New Delhi, 2002, ISBN 81-7472-088-1

Web links

Commons : Dilgo Khyentse  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Dilgo Khyentse (alternative names of the lemma)
Dilgo Kyentse