Scottish Gaelic Diùranais
|Coordinates||58 ° 34 ′ N , 4 ° 45 ′ W|
|ZIP code section||IV27|
|Part of the country||Scotland|
|British Parliament||Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross|
|Scottish Parliament||Caithness, Sutherland and Ross|
Durness ( Scottish Gaelic : Diùranais ) is a village with about 400 inhabitants in the north-western Highlands of Scotland, just under 50 kilometers by road northwest of Tongue . It is located on the Kyle of Durness strait in the extremely sparsely populated former Scottish county of Sutherland in the Highland Council Area . The village can only be reached via the largely single-lane A838 . The main economic factors of the place are agriculture and tourism .
The main attractions in Durness are the Smoo Cave with its small river and an underground waterfall, as well as many pristine sandy beaches and cliffs , where numerous species of sea birds , seals and the occasional whale can be seen.
Durness offers tourists a spectacularly located campsite on the cliff above the beach, a youth hostel , several private accommodations and a hotel .
A larger colony of puffins can be seen and photographed in the large sand dunes on Faraid Head north of the village.
A few kilometers to the northwest is Cape Wrath - the most northwestern headland on the British mainland. In the absence of a road connection, it can only be reached on foot or in a combination of a small pedestrian ferry across the Kyle of Durness and a shuttle minibus. Cape Wrath has a lighthouse and a decommissioned military facility. A military firing range, which is only temporarily closed and used by the British Royal Air Force , the Royal Navy and the US Air Force , extends from Cape Wrath to the town limits of Durness . The resulting explosions did not prevent numerous sea birds from breeding on the Cape and its cliffs.
To the east of Durness is Loch Eriboll , known for its otters and minke whales . The bay, which extends around 16 kilometers deep into the country, can be used by ocean-going ships as an anchorage in stormy weather. Nearby lies Portnancon - basement .
An artisan village was built in Balnakeil, a hamlet one kilometer west of Durness . There is also a very old cemetery with the ruins of a chapel from 1619. In this chapel is buried the mugger and allegedly eighteen-time murderer Donald Macmurchow, who financed the building of the church after a change of heart - to be buried there. The Gaelic poet Rob Donn MacKay is also buried in the associated cemetery, which was already in use during the Crusader period .