Appearance and foliage leaf
Edgeworthia chrysantha grows as a deciduous shrub that usually reaches heights of 0.7 to 1.5, rarely up to 2 meters. The branching is mostly trichotomic , i.e. in three parts. The sturdy, squat twigs have a brown bark that is downy hairy while young .
The leaves fall off before flowering. The alternate arranged at the ends of the branches leaves are stalked short. The simple leaf blade is elongated, lanceolate or obscure lanceolate with a length of 8 to 20 cm and a width of 2.5 to 5.5 cm with a gradually narrowing blade base and a pointed upper end. Both leaf surfaces are whitish silky hairy, denser on the underside. The 10 to 13 pairs of lateral nerves are thin and curved and hairy with downy hair.
Inflorescence and flower
The flowering time at the natural sites in China extends from late winter to early spring. The 1 to 2 cm long inflorescence stem is grayish-white rough haired. The terminal and lateral, capid inflorescences contain 30 to 50 flowers. The approximately ten bracts are finely hairy.
The stalked, fragrant, hermaphrodite flowers are radial symmetry and four-fold. The four sepals are fused Roehrig. The calyx tube, yellow on the inside and thickly white silky haired on the outside, has a length of 13 to 20 mm and a diameter of 4 to 5 mm. The four calyx lobes are ovate-lanceolate with a length of about 3.5 mm and a width of about 3 mm. There are no petals, not even rudimentary. There are two circles with four stamens each. The anthers are almost egg-shaped with a length of about 2 mm. The flat, cup-shaped disc has irregular edges. The above constant, unilocular ovary is mm and a length of about 4 and a width of about 2 mm oval with silky hairy upper end. The bald, about 2 mm long stylus ends in a spherical scar with a diameter of about 3 mm.
The base of the fruit is enveloped in the durable cup. The ellipsoidal stone fruit with a length of about 8 mm and a diameter of about 3.5 mm has a downy hairy upper end. The fruits ripen between spring and summer.
The number of chromosomes is 2n = 36.
Edgeworthia chrysantha is native to the Chinese provinces of Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Yunnan, and Zhejiang. It thrives in forests and on shrubby slopes.
Edgeworthia chrysantha is grown in temperate climates in China and Japan.
The species name Edgeworthia chrysantha was published on February 28, 1846 by John Lindley in Journal of the Horticultural Society of London , 1, pp. 148-149 a few weeks earlier than Edgeworthia papyrifera ( Philipp Franz von Siebold and Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini : Abhandlungen der Mathematisch- Physical class of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences , 4 (3), 1846, pp. 199-200) and the previously published name has priority. The oldest name for this species, Magnolia tomentosa Thunb. ( Carl Peter Thunberg : Transactions of the Linnean Society of London , 2, 1794, p. 336) was never actually used and was formally rejected to use Edgeworthia papyrifera sieve. & Zucc. to protect; therefore the name Edgeworthia tomentosa published by Takenoshin Nakai ( Botanical Magazine 33, 1919, p. 206) was also rejected. The name Daphne papyrifera is not validly published: D. Don (Prodr. Fl. Nepal .: 68. 1825) quoted "Daphne papyrifera Buchanan-Hamilton" only as a synonym of Daphne odora . Later Siebold (Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 12: 22. 1830) commented on the use of "D. papyrifera" to make paper, referring to Edgeworthia chrysantha as we understand it today, but this is not acceptable as a valid description or diagnosis ( see Art. 32.3 of the “Vienna Code” ICBN ).
In the type protologue the following type locality was given: “ A deciduous shrub, producing bunches of yellow sweet-scented flowers, from Chusan, & c .; from Mr. R. Fortune. Received April 9, 1845 "
The Japanese trivial name Mitsumata ( 三 椏 , also to be written as “ 三 枝 ” or “ 三 又 ”) means “triple fork” and comes from the typical way of branching. Another ( Jukujikun -) spelling: 萬 瑞香 means "10,000 times auspicious fragrance". The Chinese common name is Chinese 結 香 / 结 香 , Pinyin jiéxiāng . The common English name is "(oriental) paperbush".
Edgeworthia chrysantha is used as an ornamental plant.
The long bast fibers are used to produce high-quality paper, called Japanese paper . To do this, the branches are harvested in spring or early summer and the leaves are removed. The twigs are steamed until the fibers tear off and the outer bark is removed. The fibers are boiled with soda ash for two hours and then beaten with hammers or treated in a mixer. The color of the Japanese paper is off-white. The twigs are very flexible and can be tied into knots.
The drug from cut roots is used as a remedy for eye diseases.
- Yinzheng Wang & Michael G. Gilbert: Edgeworthia in der Flora of China , Volume 13, p. 247: Edgeworthia chrysantha Online. (Section description, distribution and systematics)
- Yinzheng Wang & Michael G. Gilbert: Edgeworthia in der Flora of China , Volume 13, p. 247: Edgeworthia chrysantha Online.
- Edgeworthia chrysantha in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), USDA , ARS , National Genetic Resources Program. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
- Edgeworthia chrysantha at Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis
- Entry in Plants for A Future .