Ernst Michel

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Ernst Michel (born April 8, 1889 in Klein-Welzheim ; † February 28, 1964 in Frankfurt am Main ) was a Catholic journalist, social and cultural philosopher and psychotherapist.


Ernst Michel attended grammar school in Bensheim until 1908 and studied German, history and cultural geography in Heidelberg and Munich . He received his doctorate in 1914 in Heidelberg with Alfred Hettner on "The anthropogeographical views of Montesquieu ".

For a short time he worked as a lecturer and science author at the publishing houses Diederichs (Jena) and Teubner (Leipzig) before participating in the First World War in the Vosges and Galicia. A phase of concentration on reform pedagogical work followed. From 1921 to 1933 Ernst Michel worked in Frankfurt am Main and thus in the Limburg diocese . In 1931 he was appointed honorary professor for social management and social policy at the University of Frankfurt . Among other things, he was a lecturer at the Academy of Work , a " Hohenrodter " and an important author of the left Catholic Rhein-Mainische Volkszeitung . In this function he got into clashes with the Catholic clergy, who accused him of modernism . Michel's book Politics from the Faith (1926), in which he criticized Eugenio Pacelli's policy of concordat, among other things , was quickly placed on the index of banned books .

In 1933 the Academy of Labor was closed and Michel was forced into retirement by the administration of the Third Reich. For several years he wrote as a freelance author for the Frankfurter Zeitung and published articles in the Catholic monthly Hochland , in which he argued against the totality claim of the "racial idea". From 1938 to 1940 he trained as a psychotherapist in Berlin and then ran a private practice in Frankfurt.

After the Second World War, Michel again held an honorary professorship in Frankfurt and worked as a scientific writer on socio-political, socio-historical and religious topics.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Klaus Unterburger : From the teaching post of the theologians to the teaching post of the popes? Pius XI., The Apostolic Constitution “Deus scientiarum Dominus” and the reform of university theology. Herder, Freiburg i. Br. 2010, pp. 330-337; see. Johannes Dambacher: The negotiations for the Prussian Concordat of 1929. With special consideration of the Roman files. Diss. Theol., Würzburg 2020, p. 430.
  2. Dominik Burkard : Ernst Michel and the Church Censorship (1921-1952). In: Josef Hainz (Ed.): Reform Catholicism after 1918 in Germany. Joseph Wittig (1879-1949) and his time. Documentation of the symposium of the "Bibelschule Königstein eV" on March 30/31, 2001 in Königstein, self-published, Eppenhain 2002, pp. 45–72.
  3. Ernst Michel: Die Krisis des late Liberalismus, In: Hochland (22 year 1934/35) 8 pp. 97-114.
  4. Ernst Michel: The Overcoming of Liberalism In: Hochland (32 year 1934/35) 9 pp. 193-208.