City of Hardegsen
|Height :||264 m|
|Residents :||117 (Dec 31, 2019)|
|Incorporation :||March 1, 1974|
|Postal code :||37181|
|Area code :||05505|
Location of Ertinghausen in Lower Saxony
The small town of Ertinghausen is located west of the city of Hardegsen in southern Solling on the " Sollingbahn ", the route book route 356 between Uslar and Northeim in the Northeim district . It is the smallest district of the city of Hardegsen and is surrounded by riding and hiking trails.
Ertinghausen is located in the southeast of the Solling at an altitude of about Espolde . The village is mainly surrounded by wooded mountains, only in the northeast and to a lesser extent in the west meadows and pastures border the built-up area, adjacent named mountains are the Bischofsberg in the southeast, the Kirchberg in the south and the Meinheitsberg in the southwest of the village.in the valley of the Gretchenbach, whose springs are located in the surrounding mountains. The Gretchenbach flows east of the village into the Kobbeke, a tributary of the
The built-up area of Ertinghausen lies immediately south of the Solling Railway, north of the railway line is only the cemetery and a few individual buildings. The buildings in the village center are arranged irregularly along the winding street Am Gretchenbach . In the west of the village center is the streets Oberfeld and Am Papenbusch , a new building area with a regular building structure.
The first written mention of the place Ertingehusen comes from the year 1320. There is also evidence that the place is listed as Ertigehusen and Hertighusen . These so-called hausen-places with the ending husen and the abrading sen suggest that the place originated in the 7th to 9th centuries. The place name probably went back to a proper name. In the Middle Ages, the place was a larger settlement with a parish church, but was destroyed by Northeim troops on March 4, 1486 in the course of numerous feuds in the late Middle Ages, and the villages Heddenhusen , Ellingerode, Schlerbeck, Lichtenborn andlesenrode suffered a similar fate . Whether Ertinghausen previously owned 22 farms, as has been established by tradition, can no longer be precisely reconstructed. Since the reconstruction, whereby the village never regained its former size, the village belongs to the parish Hardegsen. How badly Ertinghausen was affected by the feud is testified by the heir interest register of the Hardegsen office from 1534. Only Tile Ertingehusen is named as the only resident of ertinghausen. However, the description of the inheritance interest from 1593 already lists six families. After the Thirty Years' War in 1664, only three families are named in a file in the Hanover State Archives. The population of Ertinghausen before the Second World War was 100 to 110 people, who were divided into 20 houses and 22 families. In the immediate post-war period in 1948 and 1949, the population increased to a maximum of 230 inhabitants due to people displaced and evacuated from the east. Almost 13 years later the number leveled off at 128 people, who were spread across 26 houses. Most of the residents were forest workers and, until it was closed by blasting in September 1945, miners at the Volpriehausen potash works . In addition, there was still agriculture and two larger restaurants. Due to the influx of the inhabitants of the deserted village of Volksfelde, it can be assumed that the Ertinghausen arable land was once larger because the former Volksfelder included their fields in the Ertinghausen Feldmark. Already in the 18th century there was a forestry department in Ertinghausen, which was merged with the Fredelsloher Oberforsterei in 1870 into the new Hardegsen forestry department . The importance of forestry is made clear by the example of a description of the office from 1755, which reports that the land in the wood was not so bad. It also provides information about the professional activities of the residents of Ertinghausen, who worked as cooper and wheel makers . The newspaper reports from the latter professional group that there are almost only people in the village who are active in this trade. The paper also provides information that the field mark of Ertingshausen was once larger, but that many lands were granted to the city of Hardegsen through privileges.
With the construction of the Solling Railway and the tunnel immediately west of the town since 1873, Ertinghausen, which had been rather isolated until then, was given better transport connections, although the town had its own train stop until the 1990s .
On March 1, 1974, Ertinghausen was incorporated into the city of Hardegsen.
The mayor of Ertinghausen is Rudi Hübner.
Special features and sights
Only a small number of historically valuable buildings have been preserved in the village. There is no longer a church. The listed buildings are listed in the list of architectural monuments in Hardegsen .
On the slope of the Kirchberg near the village is the "Old Castle" Ertinghausen, signposted from the village. There is little information about the small sight, apart from the indication "Anno 1771" on the signs on site.
The actress Annette Paulmann was born in Ertinghausen .
In 2003, Rolf Nowak published the Ertinghausen local family book , in which the inhabitants of the village from 1659 to 1940 are recorded.
- Topographic map experiencing nature in Lower Saxony ( memento of the original from April 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. of the Lower Saxony Ministry for the Environment, Energy and Climate Protection, accessed on March 23, 2014.
- Lower Saxony environmental maps. Lower Saxony Ministry for the Environment, Energy and Climate Protection, accessed on March 23, 2014 ("Hydrology" section, "Water network with flow direction" layer).
- Topographic map experiencing nature in Lower Saxony ( Memento of the original from April 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. of the Lower Saxony Ministry for the Environment, Energy and Climate Protection, accessed on March 23, 2014.
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- Small and hardly known: "Old Castle" in the forest. In: 333 things you should have done in and around Göttingen. 2nd Edition. Verlag Göttinger Tageblatt, Göttingen 2013, ISBN 978-3-924781-62-0 , No. 144. ( online , accessed on March 23, 2014)