|( Duponchel , 1843)|
The moths reach a wingspan of 10 to 12 millimeters. The head and forehead ( frons ) are white, the crown ( vertex ) shines bronze and has a narrow white line on each side. The antennae have a dark brown sheen and a white longitudinal line that extends from the base of the antennae ( scapus ) to the 7th segment. The thorax has a bronze shine and a white center line. The forewings are dark brown and have white markings. At 1/6 of the forewing length there is a very obliquely outwardly extending band. It extends from the Costa loader to the anal fold and is slightly curved inwards. In front of half the length of the wing there is an outward sloping costal line that extends into the middle of the wing. At 3/4 of the fore wing length there is a triangular costal line. A small subdorsal spot is directly opposite the inner costal line. A second subdorsal spot is located on the inner corner directly opposite or slightly inward from the outer costal line. There is a stain at the apex . The hind wings shine gray. The abdomen shines gray-brown to dark brown, the anus tuft is white.
In the male, the tegumen tapers slightly distally . The rear edge has a flat, V-shaped bulge. The right brachium is curved, broad, and flattened. It's about twice as long as the one on the left. The tip is small and rounded. The left brachium has a blunt apex. The blades are pear-shaped and slightly concave . The right valvella is thickest in the middle. It tapers gradually and has a blunt, heavily sclerotized , hook-shaped tip. Directly opposite, on the tubular part of the aedeagus, there is a small sclerotized spot. The aedeagus is quite thick and almost straight. It tapers gradually and has a blunt tip.
In females, the 8th segment is roughly as long as it is wide. The anterior apophyses are strong and heavily sclerotized. The ostium is circular. The sterigma is slightly sack-shaped. The ductus bursae is about a third as long as the corpus bursae. The corpus bursae is elongated and broadest in front. At the back it has a gradually tapering extension. Signa are not trained.
Eteobalea albiapicella is similar to Eteobalea alypella , but differs in the bronze-colored vertex , the white line at the antenna base, the white midline on the thorax and the white subdorsal spot in the middle of the forewings.
Eteobalea albiapicella is native to Central and Southern Europe . In the east the distribution area extends to the south of the European part of Russia . The species is also found on the Mediterranean islands and in Asia Minor . Evidence from North Africa ( Morocco ) can probably be assigned to Eteobalea alypella .
The caterpillars develop on Swedish globular flower ( Globularia vulgaris ), real globular flower ( Globularia elongata ) and bare-stemmed globular flower ( Globularia nudicaulis ). They live first in the flower stalks and later in the seed heads. The caterpillars can be found from August to April, they overwinter in the seed pods. The species forms two generations a year. The moths fly from May to June and from August to September.
The following synonym is known from the literature:
- Lita albi-apicella Duponchel in Godart 1843
- J. C. Koster, S. Yu. Sinev: Momphidae, Batrachedridae, Stathmopodidae, Agonoxenidae, Cosmopterigidae, Chrysopeleiidae . In: P. Huemer, O. Karsholt, L. Lyneborg (eds.): Microlepidoptera of Europe . 1st edition. tape 5 . Apollo Books, Stenstrup 2003, ISBN 87-88757-66-8 , pp. 145 (English).
- Karl Traugott Schütze: The biology of the small butterflies with special consideration of their nutrient plants and times of appearance. Handbook of Microlepidoptera. Caterpillar calendar arranged according to the illustrated German Flora by H. Wagner. Frankfurt am Main, publishing house of the International Entomological Association e. V., 1931, p. 174
- Eteobalea albiapicella in Fauna Europaea. Retrieved February 22, 2012
- Determination aid of the Lepiforum for the butterfly species found in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Eteobalea albiapicella (DUPONCHEL, 1843) - Spotted butterfly. Lepiforum e. V., accessed on February 22, 2012 . Taxonomy, photos, first description