Eugene N. Parker
Parker graduated from Michigan State University (bachelor's degree in 1948) and received his PhD from Caltech in 1951 . He was then an instructor at the University of Utah and from 1953 research assistant to Walter Elsasser in Utah. In 1955 he became research assistant to John Alexander Simpson at the University of Chicago . In 1957 he became assistant professor there and in 1962 professor in the physics faculty and at the Enrico Fermi Institute . In 1967 he moved to the faculty for astronomy and astrophysics. In 1995 he retired.
His research mainly concerns the solar wind (Parker introduced this term), the magnetic fields of the earth and the sun and their complex interactions. In 1956 he was one of the developers of the reconnection theory, in 1959 he introduced the English term solar wind and proposed a magnetohydrodynamic theory to describe the solar wind.
- Parker, EN: Conversations on electric and magnetic fields in the cosmos , Princeton University Press 2007
- Parker, EN: Interplanetary dynamic Processes , Interscience 1963
- Parker, EN: Cosmical Magnetic Fields: Their Origin and Their Activity . Oxford & NY: Clarendon Press, 1979
- Parker, EN: Spontaneous current sheets in magnetic fields: with applications to stellar x-rays , Oxford University Press 1994
- Parker, EN: Dynamics of the Interplanetary Gas and Magnetic Fields in: Ap.J. 128: 664-76 (1958).
- Parker, EN: The Hydrodynamic Theory of Solar Corpuscular Radiation and Stellar Winds in: Ap.J. 132: 821-66 (1960).
- 1964 Space Science Award from the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
- 1969 Henry Norris Russell Lectureship
- 1978 George Ellery Hale Prize from the American Astronomical Society
- 1989 National Medal of Science
- 1990 Karl Schwarzschild Medal of the Astronomical Society
- 1990 William Bowie Medal
- 1992 gold medal from the Royal Astronomical Society
- 1997 Bruce Medal from the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
- 2003 Kyoto Prize
- 2003 James Clerk Maxwell Prize for Plasma Physics for significant contributions to the astrophysics of plasmas including predicting solar wind, explaining solar dynamo, formulating the theory of magnetic reconnection, and the instability that predicts magnetic fields escaping from the galaxy .
- 2004 The asteroid (11756) Geneparker was named after him
- 2012 Hannes Alfvén Prize
- 2017 The Parker Solar Probe was named after him
- 2020 Crafoord Prize in Astronomy
- Jan Mahn: NASA renames first solar mission. In: heise online. Heise Zeitschriften Verlag, June 1, 2017, accessed on August 9, 2018 .
- Laudation for the Maxwell Prize: "For seminal contributions in plasma astrophysics, including predicting the solar wind, explaining the solar dynamo, formulating the theory of magnetic reconnection, and the instability which predicts the escape of the magnetic fields from the galaxy.
- Crafoord Prize 2020
|SURNAME||Parker, Eugene N.|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Parker, Eugene Newman (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American astrophysicist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 10, 1927|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Houghton , Michigan|