As an avid cineast , he was already engaged in film clubs in Lisbon when he was a student . In 1957 he started with the new medium of television, the Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP) (whose second channel, RTP2, he reoriented as director between 1978 and 1980). In 1959 he went to the London Film School on a scholarship from the National Film Fund of Portugal , where he graduated as a director.
He made his feature film debut in 1964 with Belarmino , a semi-documentary film about the Lisbon amateur boxer Belarmino Fragoso. The socially critical tone, the aesthetics of the film, the music (jazz by Manuel Jorge Veloso and the Hot Club Portugal) were characteristics of the Novo Cinema, the New Portuguese Film (the most important film before Belarmino was Os Verdes Anos (German: The Green Years ) by Paulo Rocha ). The atmosphere and the style of the film inspire critics and film buffs to this day, even if the commercial success was more modest.
In 1965 a three-month work in Hollywood followed. Back, he founded the film company Média together with Fernando Matos Silva , Alberto Seixas Santos , Alfredo Tropa and Manuel Costa . In 1971 Média produced his second feature film, Uma Abelha na Chuva (Eng .: A bee in the rain ), a film adaptation of the neorealistic novel of the same name by Carlos de Oliveira . Lopes was by no means making a neorealistic film here, however, but instead developed an unusual narrative style, with static images, silent passages or passages underlaid with strange sounds, and an aesthetic of poetry and painting. The film was released in 1972 and the reviews are enthusiastic to this day.
In 1970 Lopes became the first chairman of the Centro Português de Cinema , which he co-founded in 1969 , a film collective that was to shape the Novo Cinema significantly.
His next film, Nacionalidade: Portugués (German: Nationality: Portuguese , 1972), was a documentary about the situation of Portuguese guest workers in the suburbs of France and was banned by the censorship of the Estado Novo .
The profound social and economic upheavals in Portugal after the Carnation Revolution in 1974 also changed the perspective and themes of cinema. The main theme in Fernando Lopes' work should be the loneliness and alienation of people in a technical and economized world, with films such as Lá Fora (2004), 98 Octanas (2006) or Os sorrisos do destino (2009). His film adaptation O Delfim (2002) of the book of the same name (1968) by José Cardoso Pires was well received .
Paulo Branco produced the majority of Fernando Lopes' films.
- Alcides Murtinheira, Igor Metzeltin: History of Portuguese Cinema . Praesens Verlag, Vienna 2010, ISBN 978-3-7069-0590-9 .
- Jorge Leitão Ramos : Dicionário do cinema portugués 1962–1988 . Editorial Caminho, Lisbon 1989, ISBN 972-21-0446-2 .
- Michelle Sales: O free cinema, eo cinema novo português, entrevista a Fernando Lopes . In: Doc On-line . Revista digital de cinema documentário. tape December 7 , 2009, ISSN 1646-477X , p. 141–151 (Portuguese, online [PDF; accessed May 4, 2012] detailed interview).
- Alcides Murtinheira: Fernando Lopes (1935). Centro de Língua Portuguesa / Instituto Camões at the University of Hamburg, accessed on May 4, 2012 (Portuguese, biography with photo).
- Fernando Lopes in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Alcides Murtinheira: Fernando Lopes (1935). Centro de Língua Portuguesa / Instituto Camões at the University of Hamburg, accessed on May 4, 2012 (Portuguese, 8th paragraph).
- Fernando Lopes' A Bee in the Rain (Uma Abelha na Chuva). (No longer available online.) University of California, Berkeley Art Museum & Pacific Film Archive, June 25, 1984, formerly the original ; Retrieved May 4, 2012 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Jorge Leitão Ramos: Dicionário do cinema portugués 1962–1988 . Editorial Caminho, Lisbon 1989, ISBN 972-21-0446-2 , p. 229 .
- Alcides Murtinheira, Igor Metzeltin: History of the Portuguese cinema . Praesens Verlag, Vienna 2010, ISBN 978-3-7069-0590-9 , pp. 136 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Lopes, Fernando Marques (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Portuguese film director|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 28, 1935|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Maçãs de Dona Maria , Leiria|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 2, 2012|
|Place of death||Lisbon|