Franz Bernhard Meyer von Schauensee

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Franz Bernhard Meyer von Schauensee (sometimes only Franz Bernhard Meyer or Meyer-Schauensee ; born October 19, 1763 in Lucerne ; † November 10, 1848 there ) was a Swiss statesman .

Origin and family

Meyer von Schauensee came from the Lucerne patrician family Meyer , who had called themselves Meyer von Schauensee since 1749 after they had inherited the property. His father was the Lucerne politician and bailiff Franz Rudolf Dietrich Meyer von Schauensee (1725–1801). His brothers were the General Maurus Meyer von Schauensee , the canon Ludwig Meyer von Schauensee (1768–1841) and the General Friedrich Fridolin Meyer von Schauensee (1777–1860). Anna Maria Rüttimann-Meyer von Schauensee was his sister.


Meyer von Schauensee first attended the Jesuit College in Lucerne from 1771 , then in 1779 and 1780 the College of Pruntrut . After completing his training, he joined the Swiss Guard in Paris in 1780 , where he pursued his military career up to the rank of captain . In 1782 he went back to his homeland in Lucerne, where he became a businessman and member of the Lucerne Grand Council . He held this position until 1798. In addition, he worked as governor , first from 1787 to 1789 as such of Büron and Triengen , then from 1791 to 1793 as governor of Habsburg .

Meyer von Schauensee was a member of the Helvetic Society from 1786 and of the Helvetic Military Society from 1782 to 1794. As President of the Helvetic Society, he gave a speech in 1796 with which he clearly positioned himself against foreign military service. In addition, from 1787 he was a member of the Freemasons in Basel and the enlightened Lucerne Reading Society. He can be assigned to the Lucerne Enlightenment and was in contact with Johann Kaspar Lavater , Hans Caspar Hirzel , Paul Usteri , Peter Ochs , Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi and Philipp Emanuel von Fellenberg . In addition, he was in Paris, which he also visited after the end of his service, with Charles-François Lebrun , Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès and Henri Grégoire .

Meyer von Schauensee became Minister of Justice and Police when the Helvetic Republic was founded in 1798. As a unitarian, however, he resigned after the federal coup on 27/28. October 1801 returned from office. Nevertheless, he went to the Helvetische Consulta in Paris in 1802 .

Meyer von Schauensee was initially a private and businessman and did not return to politics until 1814. He was now considered a leading member of the Lucerne Restoration Movement, wrote a restorative pamphlet that was sent to the Small Council on January 14, 1814 and signed by 21 members of the old government, and a short time later belonged to the Small Council of Lucerne. He took over the office of State Coffin Master, in which he supported the construction of the Gotthardstrasse , for example , and from 1816 to 1831 the office of administrator of the Federal War Chest. His final withdrawal from public life took place in 1831 after he had vehemently opposed the growing liberal forces to the end.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Edgar BonjourMeyer. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 17, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-428-00198-2 , p. 289 f. ( Digitized version ).
  2. Mark Lischer: Meyer of Schauensee, Franz Rudolf Dietrich. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
  3. ^ Waltraud Hörsch: Meyer von Schauensee, Ludwig. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
  4. Markus Lischer: Meyer von Schauensee, Friedrich Fridolin. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .