Friedrich Hofacker

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Friedrich "Fritz" Hofacker (born February 28, 1881 in Elberfeld , † July 4, 1952 in Cologne ) was a German politician ( SPD ) and trade unionist . Among other things, he was a member of the Prussian state parliament and district administrator of the Rhein-Wupper district .


Hofacker, son of a merchant, completed after the completion of primary school an apprenticeship as a lathe operator . He later worked as a mechanical engineer . From 1913 to 1919 Hofacker was a city councilor in Opladen . From September 1919 to 1933 he was then the full-time district manager of the German Railway Workers' Association or the Union of Railway Workers in Germany based in Kassel .

From 1929 to 1933 he was head of the city council in Kassel, chairman of the SPD in Kassel and a member of the SPD district committee for Hessen-Nassau . From 1930 to 1932 he was also a member of the 60th municipal council of Kassel and the provincial council of Hessen-Nassau. In April 1932 Hofacker was elected as a member of the Prussian state parliament in constituency 19 (Hessen-Nassau).

Despite the terror of the National Socialists and the first waves of arrests against communists, social democrats and trade unionists, Hofacker was re-elected to the Prussian state parliament on March 5, 1933. Hofacker was arrested on May 2, 1933 after the “unions were smashed”. He was brought to justice because the accounts for office space rented to the union from his private apartment were allegedly incorrect. The Kassel regional court could not find any criminal offense, but sentenced Hofacker to three months in prison in November 1933 for allegedly forging signatures. He was then imprisoned several times, including in Hanover, Göttingen and the Emsland camp (Papenburg) as well as in Hameln. After his release from prison, he lived temporarily in Wuppertal, Berlin, Brandenburg, Lüdenscheid and other places.

After the end of the war, Hofacker initially lived in Cologne. Hofacker returned to Opladen at the end of 1945 and was appointed by the military government on January 1, 1946 as district administrator for the Rhein-Wupper district. He held this office until the election of a new district administrator in October 1946, after which Hofacker was a municipal employee in Cologne. From the end of 1950 to 1952 Hofacker was chairman of the SPD in Opladen. At times he was employed full-time at ÖTV in Cologne.


  • Handbook for the Prussian Landtag. Edition for the 5th electoral term (from 1933 onwards). R. von Decker's Verlag G. Schenck, Berlin 1933, p. 338.
  • Wilhelm Heinz Schröder : Social Democratic Parliamentarians in the German Reich and Landtag 1867-1933. Biographies, chronicles, election documentation. A manual. Droste, Düsseldorf 1995, ISBN 3-7700-5192-0 , p. 511.
  • Jochen Lengemann : The head of the citizens' committee and the city council in Kassel 1835-1995. Report from the workshop of the research project “Citizen Representation and City Government in Kassel 1835–1896”. In: Journal of the Association for Hessian History and Regional Studies. Volume 100 (1995), pp. 135-172 (on Hofacker, p. 158).
  • Jochen Lengemann: MdL Hessen. 1808-1996. Biographical index (= political and parliamentary history of the state of Hesse. Vol. 14 = publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse. Vol. 48, 7). Elwert, Marburg 1996, ISBN 3-7708-1071-6 , p. 189.
  • Siegfried Mielke , Stefan Heinz : Railway trade unionists in the Nazi state. Persecution - Resistance - Emigration (1933–1945) . Metropol-Verlag, Berlin 2017, ISBN 978-3-86331-353-1 , pp. 241, 508 f. (Short biography).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wilhelm Frenz, Heidrun Schmidt: We walk side by side. History of social democracy in North Hesse . SP-Verlag, Marburg 1989, ISBN 3-924800-54-5 , p. 188.