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Coordinates: 10 ° 35 ′  N , 62 ° 18 ′  W
Map: Sucre
Güiria on the map of Sucre
Basic data
Country Venezuela
State Sucre
City foundation 1767
Residents 40,000  (2001)
Detailed data
height 10  m
Waters Gulf of Pariah
Post Code 6161
prefix +58 294
City Presidency Ander Charles ( PSUV )
Fishing port
Fishing port

Güiria is a city in Venezuela . It is the capital of the municipality of Valdez in the Venezuelan state of Sucre .


Güiria is located on the elongated Paria peninsula in northeastern Venezuela, more precisely on its south coast on the Gulf of Paria . The next largest city, Carúpano, is about 100 km further west on the north coast of Venezuela. The neighboring country of Trinidad and Tobago offshore Bocas Islands lie about 70 kilometers east of Güiria in Venezuela and Trinidad separating Strait Bocas del Dragón.


Güiria was founded in 1767. The name comes from an Indian language and means " anaconda ". As part of the establishment of the Second Republic , Güiria was captured in January 1813 by Santiago Mariño , who had crossed from Chacachacare to Venezuela with a command of 45, including José Francisco Bermúdez and Manuel Piar . Due to the influx of locals, Mariño's army increased to 5000 men, with whom he transferred to the mainland and took Maturín .

Economy and Transport

Güiria is the third largest city in the state of Sucre and the economic center of the Paria peninsula . In the industrial sector, natural gas production by Petróleos de Venezuela dominates, which supplies Sucre and the surrounding states of Anzoátegui , Monagas and Nueva Esparta with natural gas. The agricultural sector is also important with livestock, fishing and the cultivation of cocoa, coconuts and tobacco.

Güiria has an airport, the Aeropuerto Almirante Cristóbal Colón ( IATA code GUI), which was inaugurated in 2000 and which was served at times by Avensa and Avior Airlines . Güria is connected to Carúpano via the Troncal 9 road; there are long-distance bus connections to Caracas . A ferry connection to Chaguaramas in northwest Trinidad was closed in 2014 due to the dire economic situation in Venezuela.

Culture and facilities

Because of its close proximity to Trinidad and Tobago, Güiria has some cultural features that have been borrowed from the culture of the neighboring country. Güiria celebrates Carnival in February instead of March, with steel bands performing . In addition, dishes such as Kalalu ( Callaloo ), Sauz ( Pig foot souse ) and Pelau come from Trinidadian cuisine .


  • Luis Piñerúa Ordaz (1924-2001, Minister of the Interior and Justice)
  • Luis Estaba (* 1938, boxer)
  • César Farías (* 1973, football coach)
  • Ezequiel Carrera (* 1987, baseball player)

Individual evidence

  1. Volker Alsen: Venezuela . 8th edition. Reise Know-How , Bielefeld 2009, ISBN 978-3-8317-1790-3 , p. 287 .
  2. ^ Lionel Mordaunt Fraser: History of Trinidad, Vol. I: From 1781 to 1813 . Government Printing Office, Port of Spain 1891, p. 362 .
  3. Pier1TT.com: Suspension of Guiria, Venezuela Operations ( Memento from January 16, 2017 in the Internet Archive )