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The geomatics or geographic information technology is a teaching profession in all German-speaking countries.

Duration of training and structure


Structure of occupations in geographic information technology

The Geomatics is in Germany a nationally recognized training occupation by the Vocational Education Act . The training period to become a geomatician is usually three years. The training takes place at the training company and vocational school .

The profession is stipulated in a joint training regulation on professional training in geographic information technology. This professional group consists of the two professions

  • Geomatists
  • Surveying technician specializing in surveying and mountain surveying.

The contents of the first twelve months are identical in both professions. The three previous professions mountain surveying technician , cartographer and surveying technician have been incorporated into this occupational group . The cartographer and the mountain surveyor were subsequently repealed, while the surveyor was also rearranged. The handover of certificates to the first fully trained geomaticians in Germany took place on July 20, 2012 in Magdeburg (Saxony-Anhalt).


In Switzerland the basic vocational training is called geomatician EFZ . The training lasts four years. The main subjects offered are cadastral surveying, geoinformatics and cartography.


The equivalent apprenticeship in Austria is called geographic information technology and has a training period of three years. Geographic information technicians create and update plans (e.g. city maps), maps (e.g. hiking and road maps, atlases), industrial maps and geological maps. They take over geological data from satellite or GPS measurements, evaluate them and display them with different cartographic techniques. Geographic information technicians work in cartographic institutions and publishing houses in teams with colleagues and various specialists, e.g. B. from the printing sector.

Work areas

Geomaticians are experts in the field of geographic information. They work in the public sector, for example in surveying , cadastral and geographic information services . But you can also work in the private sector, e.g. B. in companies and publishers in cartography or in remote sensing companies .

Geomaticians take care of the entire process chain that arises when processing geodata . It starts with the collection and acquisition of the data. Geomaticians must be able to differentiate between surveying methods and remote sensing methods and carry out location measurements, height measurements or satellite-based measurements. The data collected is then cleaned up and made available for further processing.

Geomaticians check geodata for topicality , correctness , completeness , plausibility and accuracy . They calculate the position , height , area and volume of geospatial data and present the data in plans , maps and data models .

Ultimately, they are also able to differentiate between data exchange formats , convert data and evaluate, interpret and merge data from various sources. You can also transform , classify , generalize and update spatial data into other reference systems .

Professional Skills

In the course of the reorganization in 2010, experts from the field described the professional skills of geomatists in a training profile:


  • collect and obtain geodata ,
  • process, manage and visualize geospatial data,
  • model geodata and prepare them in different formats for different media,
  • use information and communication technology from geomatics,
  • carry out customer-oriented orders using geospatial data,
  • participate in customer service and apply marketing strategies ,
  • apply methods of visual communication and the graphic design of cards,
  • are proficient in conveying and representing complex spatial issues,
  • convert geodata into maps, presentation graphics and multimedia products,
  • use information and communication technologies,
  • observe job-related legal and administrative regulations ,
  • apply the scientific and mathematical basics of geographic information technology,
  • work in a team-oriented manner and ensure quality.

Intermediate and final exams

Final exams in Germany

A conventional intermediate and final examination takes place in this profession.

midterm exam

At the beginning of the second year of training, the geomatician completes an intermediate examination in order to be able to determine the performance level of the trainee. It consists of case-oriented written tasks that can be solved in 120 minutes. The geomatist proves that he

a) apply the scientific and mathematical basics of geographic information technology,
b) take into account professional legal and administrative regulations, norms and standards,
c) Transfer, secure, clean up, make available for further processing and
d) can process, qualify, visualize and document results.

final exam

The final examination determines the professional competence of the geomatics engineer.

The final examination consists of a total of five examination areas:

  1. Examination area "Geodata Processes"
  2. Examination area "Geodata Presentation"
  3. Examination area "Geoinformation Technology"
  4. Examination area "Geodata Management"
  5. Examination area "Economics and Social Studies"
Examination area "Geodata Processes"

In this examination area, the trainee should prove that he

a) record geodata using different methods,
b) process and qualify geodata,
c) Merge and evaluate geodata,
d) visualize and present geodata,
e) apply the mathematical and scientific basics of geographic information technology,
f) plan and implement work processes in the team,
g) control and evaluate work results,
h) apply quality assurance measures and
i) can explain work processes.

The trainee carries out an operational order that is documented with process and product-related documents. He then conducts a technical discussion with the examination board . The trainee has a total of 20 hours to complete the operational assignment. The technical discussion lasts a maximum of 30 minutes.

Examination area "Geodata Presentation"

In this examination area, the trainee creates an examination piece in a maximum of seven hours. Here, too, a technical discussion of a maximum of 20 minutes is held. In addition, there is a presentation of a maximum of 10 minutes.

The trainee proves in this examination area that he

a) prepare geodata for market products,
b) Create and present product information in a customer-oriented manner and
c) can take legal regulations, norms and standards into account.

Before the exam, the examination board gives the trainee three alternatives to choose from, from which he has to choose one.

Examination area "Geoinformation Technology"

The trainee works on case-based written assignments in 90 minutes. He thus proves that he

a) deal with networks, spatial databases and spatial data infrastructures,
b) deal with meta information systems,
c) apply the mathematical and scientific principles of geographic information technology,
d) take the norms and standards into account in the work processes and
e) can take into account data security requirements.
Examination area "Geodata Management"

The trainee works on case-based written assignments again in a further 90 minutes. It is proven that he

a) record geodata using different methods,
b) qualify geodata,
c) use graphic design tools to visualize geodata,
d) apply the mathematical and scientific basics of geographic information technology,
e) control and evaluate work results,
f) apply quality assurance measures and
g) Can explain work processes.
Examination area "Economics and Social Studies"

In this examination area, the trainee should demonstrate in 60 minutes that he is able to present and assess general economic and social relationships in the professional and working world.

Weighting of the examination areas

The examination areas are weighted as follows:

Spatial data processes 40 percent
Geospatial data presentation 15 percent
Geographic information technology 15 percent
Spatial data management 20 percent
Economics and Social Studies 10 percent
Passage regulation

To pass the exam, the student's performance must be

  1. in the overall result at least "sufficient",
  2. in the examination area geodata processes at least "sufficient",
  3. at least "sufficient" in at least three of the other examination areas
  4. "unsatisfactory" in any examination area

have been rated.

An oral supplementary examination of around 15 minutes is possible in the examination areas in which only written work was performed. The prerequisite is that the final examination can be passed with the supplementary examination. A supplementary oral examination to improve the grade is not possible.

Final exams in Switzerland

In 2010 the new education plan came into force in Switzerland. At the end of the basic vocational training to become an EFZ geomatician, a qualification procedure is carried out.

Qualification process

In the qualification procedure with final examination, the following qualification areas are examined as follows:

  1. Practical work of 24–120 hours as individual practical work (IPA) or 12–16 hours as specified work. The competent cantonal authority decides the type of examination. The learner must show that he is able to carry out the required activities in a technically correct manner and in accordance with the needs and the situation. The learning documentation and the documents of the inter-company courses may be used as aids.
  2. Professional knowledge of 3½ to 4 hours. This qualification area is examined towards the end of basic vocational training. The learner is interviewed in writing or both in writing and orally. If an oral examination is carried out, this lasts a maximum of 1 hour.
  3. General education . The qualification area is based on the ordinance of the OPET of April 27, 2006 on the minimum requirements for general education in basic vocational training.

In each qualification area, at least two examination experts assess the performance.

Pass, grade calculation, grade weighting "

The qualification procedure with final examination is passed if:

  • the qualification area “practical work” is given a grade of 4 or higher.
  • an overall grade of 4 or higher is achieved.
    The overall grade is the weighted mean rounded to one decimal place

Grades of the individual qualification areas of the final examination as well as the weighted experience grade.

  • The experience grade is the mean rounded to a full or half grade from the

Sum of all semester report grades for vocational teaching.

To calculate the overall grade, the individual grades are weighted as follows:

  • Practical work: 50%
  • Professional knowledge: 20%
  • General education: 20%
  • Experience rating: 10%

The repetition of the qualification procedure is based on Article 33 BBV. If a qualification area has to be repeated, it must be repeated in its entirety.

If the final exam is repeated without attending the vocational school again, the previous experience grade will be retained. If the vocational lessons are repeated for at least 2 semesters, only the new grades count towards the calculation of the experience grade.

Special case

If a learner has acquired previous training outside of the regulated basic vocational training and passed the final examination in accordance with this ordinance, the experience grade does not apply.

To calculate the overall grade, the individual grades are weighted as follows:

  1. practical work: 50%
  2. Professional knowledge: 30%
  3. General education: 20%

Individual evidence

  1. [1] (PDF; 125 kB) Training regulations on the website of the Federal Institute for Vocational Training. Retrieved July 25, 2019
  2. [2] (PDF; 1.1 MB) Framework curriculum for geomatics on the KMK website . Retrieved September 28, 2010
  3. [3] (PDF; 702 kB) DVW-nachrichten 5/2012, page n-77. Retrieved May 2, 2019
  4. ^ [4] Training profile on the BiBB website . Retrieved July 25, 2019


  • BiBB (Hrsg.): Geomatikerin - surveying technician / surveying technician - design training 1st edition 2011. W. Bertelsmann Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, Bielefeld, 2011, ISBN 978-3-7639-4854-3 .

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