Georg Erhard Hamberger

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Georg Erhard Hamberger

Georg Erhard Hamberger (born December 21, 1697 in Jena ; † July 22, 1755 there ) was a German doctor .


His father was the mathematics and physics professor Georg Albrecht Hamberger (1662-1716). From 1714 he also studied these subjects at his father's request, but soon recognized his inclination for medicine and secretly attended the anatomical lectures of Johann Adrian Slevogt (1653–1726). He learned the basics of botany from a university gardener. After his father's death in 1716, he turned entirely to medicine. Slevogt entrusted him with the preparation of the preparations intended for demonstrations in anatomy. He learned practical medicine from Johann Adolph Wedel (1675–1747). In 1717 he earned his master's degree in philosophy and in 1721 he became a doctor of medicine.

In 1724 he was appointed Land Physicus of the Weimar district and in 1726 Prof. extraord. of mathematics and physics in Jena. Three years later he was given the management of the land physician. In 1734 he was appointed court counselor in Jena and in 1737 a full professor of mathematics and physics. On May 18, 1731 Hamberger was elected a member ( matriculation number 425 ) of the Leopoldina with the academic surname Ctesibus . In 1744 he became full professor of botany, anatomy and surgery and in 1748, after the death of his father-in-law, professor of chemistry and practical medicine. Hamberger also took part in the organizational tasks of the Jena Salana and was rector of the Alma Mater in the winter semesters of 1747 and 1753 .

As a supporter of Jatro-Physics (application of physics for healing) he believed that all life processes could be traced back to simple physical laws and got into a dispute with Albrecht von Haller about this . It was only on his death bed that he admitted that Haller was right.


Hamberger married on May 14, 1724 in Jena with Sophia Margaretha Wedel, the daughter of the Jena professor Johann Adolph Wedel and his wife Clara Maria Beck. The marriage resulted in seven sons and three daughters. We know of these:

  • Johanna Sophia Margaretha Hamberger (born January 6, 1726 in Jena; † August 5, 1788 ibid) married July 12, 1744 in Jena to Professor Christian Heinrich Eckhard
  • Adolph Friedrich Hamberger (born March 14, 1727 in Jena; † February 5, 1750 there), professor of medicine in Jena
  • Johann Erhard Hamberger (* May 12, 1729 in Jena; † 1775 in Apolda) Princely Saxon Hovadvokat and later court advocate in Apolda, married April 24, 1763 in Jena with Maria Sophia Wilhelmina Heiligenstadt († October 14, 1814 in Jena)
  • Dorothea Elisabeth Sophia Hamberger (born September 25, 1730 in Jena; † June 2, 1775) married May 3, 1756 with the professor of astronomy in Jena Basilius Christian Bernhard Wiedeburg (born September 14, 1722 in Jena; † July 1, 1758 ibid )
  • Johann Georg Hamberger (born August 11, 1732 in Jena; † February 6, 1768 ibid) candidate jur.
  • Clara Catharina Sophie Hamberger (* July 20, 1734 in Jena; † October 25, 1814 ibid) married June 20, 1756 in Jena with the professor of theology in Jena Johann Christian Blasche (* May 25, 1718 Geißmannsdorf † January 20, 1792 in Jena)
  • Adolph Albrecht Hamberger (born February 8, 1737 in Jena; † 1785/88/89 Anskull (Gotland, Sweden)), Dr. med., private lecturer in Jena, since 1782 district physician a. Russian State Council in Estonia
  • Wolfgang Friedrich Hamberger (born May 9, 1738 in Jena), worked in Greiz as a horse dresser
  • Johann Carl Hamberger (born July 26, 1740 in Jena; † young)
  • Johann Ernst Hamberger (born August 30, 1741 in Jena; † January 11, 1761 ibid) candidate med.

Works (selection)

  • Dissertatio physica de primis fluidorum phaenomenis. Jena 1723 (Resp.Johann Tobias Wasser, online )
  • Dissertationem Physicam De Experimento, Ab Hvgenio, Pro Cavsa Gravitatis Explicanda, invento. Jena 1723 (Resp.Johann Artzt, online )
  • Elementa Physices. Methodo Mathematica in usum Auditorii Conscripta, cum Fifuris Aeneis Atqueindice. Edition Altera. Jena 1725 ( online )
  • Dissertatio Medica de frigore morbifico. Jena 1725 (Resp.Johann Daniel Rucker, online )
  • Dissertatio de cohaesione et attractione corporum. Jena 1732 (Resp.Ioannes Petrus Süssmilch, online )
  • De fontium origine. Jena 1733 (Resp.Anton Friedrich Danckwert, online )
  • Elementa Physices. Methodo Mathematica in usum Auditorii Conscripta, cum Fifuris Aeneis Atqueindice. Editio Altera. Jena 1735 ( online )
  • Dissertatio Mathematico-Medica Respiration Mechanismo atque usu genuio. Jena 1737 (Resp. Justus Gerhard Duising, online )
  • Elementa Physices. Methodo Mathematica in usum Auditorii Conscripta, cum Fifuris Aeneis Atqueindice. Editio Tertia. Aucta Praefatione de cautione in Experientiis recte Formandis et Adplicandis Adhibenda, et respositione ad dubia obiecta. Jena 1741 ( online )
  • Dissertatio Medca Inauguraris exponens doctrinam generalem de haemorrhoidibus. Jena 1745 (Resp.Christoph Heinrich Schnell, Dr. med., Online )
  • Propempticon Inaugurale quintum Dissertationi Solenni de Lipothymia praemissum quo simul ad dubia contra Mechanismum Pectoris mota Respondetur. Jena 1746 ( online )
  • Dissertatio Inauguraris Medio-Chirurgica de Spina Ventosa. Jena 1746 (Resp.Philipp Ernst Maler, online )
  • Dissertatio Inauguralis Medica de morte subitanea, omni aqua per Paracentesin Abdominis simul Educta Plerumque Contingente. Jena 1747 ( online )
  • Propemticon inaug. de Cyprino monstroso Rostrato primum. Dissertationi Solenni de Hypnoticis & Narcoticis praemissum. Jena 1748, ( online )
  • Dissertatio Medica Inauguralis de calore humano naturali. Jena 1748 (Resp. Adolph Friedrich Hamberger, online )
  • De respirationis mechanismo et usu genuino Dissertatio. Una cum scritis quae vel illi opposita sunt vel ad controversiam de Mechanismo illo Agitatam pertinent. Accedunt his Notae in quibus ad Argumenta, dubia et criminatioes Respondetur et sententia in Dissertatione proposita ab oppugnationibus vindicatur. Jena 1748 ( online )
  • Programma Auspicale Octavum de Aere Corporibus Incluso, Dissertationi Solenni de Otalgia, clarissimi medicinae Candidati Johannes Christopheri Friderici Spillbilleri praemissum. Jena 1749, ( online )
  • Dissertationem Medica Inaugurales de attrahentibus. Jena 1749 (Resp. Johann Christian Graff, online )
  • Dissertatio Medica Inaugurales de Opio. Jena 1749 (Resp.Johann Christian Burghard, Dr. med., Online )
  • Dissertationem Medica Inaugurales de emeticorum agendi modo et usu. Jena 1749 (Resp. Friedrich Ludwig Wigand, Dr. med., Online )
  • Dissertationem Medica Inaugurales de dolore in genere. Jena 1750 (Resp. Friedrich Theodor Fischer, online )
  • Elementa Physices. Methodo Mathematica in usum Auditorii Conscripta, cum Fifuris Aeneis Atqueindice. Editio Quarta. Aucta Praefatione de cautione in Experientiis recte Formandis et Adplicandis Adhibenda, et respositione ad dubia obiecta. Jena 1750, ( online )
  • Adscensvs Vaporvm Cavsas. Jena 1750 (Resp. Adolph Friedrich Hamberger, online )
  • Programma Inaugurale de Aere Corporibus incluso, decium Dissertationi Solenni clarissimi Medicinae Doctorandi Joh. Gottlieb Hansch Gedanensis de Rigiditate Fibrarum Praemissum. Jena 1750 ( online )
  • Dissertatio Inavgvralis Medica de rigiditate fibrarum. Jena 1750 (Resp.Johannes Gottlieb Hansch, Dr. med., Online )
  • Dissertatio Medica Inavgvralis de vigiliis. Jena 1750 (Resp.Martin Jacob Kubas, Dr. med., Online )
  • Physiologia Medica, seu de actionibus corporis humani sani doctrina Principiis Physicis a seu Editis itemque Mathematicis Atque Anatomicis superstructa. Cum Figuris Aeneis et indice. Jena 1751 ( online )
  • Dissertationem Medicam Inauguralem de natura febris. Jena 1751 (Resp.Julius Albert Heinrich Zeller, Dr. med., Online )
  • Dissertatio Inauguralis Medica de scirrho. Jena 1751 (Resp.Johannes Christoph Päzel, Dr. med., Online )
  • Dissertatio Inavgvralis Medica De Frigore Symptomatico. Jena 1752 (Resp.Johannes Friedrich Schickard, Dr. med., Online )
  • Dissertationem Medicam Inauguralem sistentem Ulcerum Pathologiam. Jena 1753 (Resp.Paul Lanii, Dr. med., Online )
  • Dissertatio inauguralis medica de Inflammationum Therapia. Jena 1754 (Resp. Johann Theophil Trogmayer, Dr. med., [Dissertatio inauguralis medica de inflammationum therapia Online])
  • Dissertatio Medica Inauguralis de gangraena. Jena 1754 (Resp.Martin Casimir Wenneber, Dr. med., Online )
  • Dissertatio Medica Inauguralis de atonia. Jena 1755 (Resp.Johann Daniel Christoph Purckhauer,, Online )
  • Dissertatio Medica Inauguralis de apoplexia. Jena 1755 (Resp.Christian Gottfried Lange, Dr. med., Online )
  • Dissertatio medica de medicamentis emollientibus, or of the emollient medicaments. Jena 1757 ( online )


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