Historicity (historicity) is an ambiguous expression. " Historically " called
- something that was there at a certain past time ( really historical );
- to be content with merely ascertaining something past ( only historical );
- something past and still effective ( historically effective )
- a basic trait and the basic condition of the human in contrast to " natural", "natural" .
The following are named as originators of the concept of historicity as a specific human dimension:
- Giambattista Vico : Historicity as an established fact that all human reality has its history . The historicity of the world is recognized because man produced it.
- Hegel (occasionally, e.g. in his legal and world history),
- but above all Dilthey , for whom human life can only be understood in reference to the historicity of human existence.
While the term in Jaspers still remains in the life-philosophy tradition in the sense of historical conditionality, it is decisively re-coined by Heidegger . "Historicity means the constitution of the" happening "of existence as such, on the basis of which something like" world history "is possible and historically belongs to world history." Since then, historicity has been a central concept in existential philosophy , phenomenology and hermeneutics ( Gadamer ).
While the historicity of Dilthey is related to the problem of historical relativism, it is hermeneutically (also) viewed as a means " to overcome historical relativism ( historicism )."
- Historical awareness
- Heidegger's terminology
- The benefits and disadvantages of history for life
- Historical school of law
- UTB online dictionary philosophy
- Otto Friedrich Bollnow : On the concept of historicity ( Memento from October 31, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) . Reprint from: "Contemporary Issues in Economics", ed. by Heinrich Hunke and Erwin Wiskemann , Junker and Dünnhaupt, Berlin 1939, pp. 314–373
- Helmut Fleischer : Historicity and historical thinking . In: Horst Müller (ed.): The PRAXIS concept in the center of socially critical science. BoD-Verlag, Norderstedt 2005. pp. 138-153
- Sebastian Luft: facticity and historicity as constituents of the lifeworld in Husserl's late philosophy , phenomenological research, 2005, Meiner, Hamburg 2005, pp. 13–40
- Gerhard Bauer: Historicity. Paths and wrong turns of a concept. Tübingen 1963 ( review ).
- Ulrich Brieler: The relentlessness of historicity. Foucault as a historian. Böhlau, Cologne 2001, ISBN 978-3-41210697-3 .
- Stefanie Mauder: The importance of “historicity” for humanities education. Tectum, Marburg 2006, ISBN 3-8288-9058-X .
- Carl Friedrich Gethmann : Historicity. In: Jürgen Mittelstraß (Hrsg.): Encyclopedia Philosophy and Philosophy of Science. Vol. 3, 2nd edition Metzler, Stuttgart, Weimar 2008.
- See the meanings in Regenbogen / Meyer, Dictionary of Philosophical Terms . Meiner, Hamburg 2005 / Historicity
- “The scienza nuova offers [...] clearly distinctive approaches to a theory of historical understanding. Their guiding principle is Vico's discovery of the historicity of the human mind ... ”(Stefanie Woidich: Vico and hermeneutics: an approach to the history of reception , 2007, p. 145)
- Carl F. Gethmann: Historicity. In: Mittelstraß (Hrsg.): Encyclopedia Philosophy and Philosophy of Science. Vol. 3, 2nd edition Metzler, Stuttgart, Weimar 2008
- Carl F. Gethmann: Historicity. In: Mittelstraß (Hrsg.): Encyclopedia Philosophy and Philosophy of Science . Vol. 3, 2nd edition Metzler, Stuttgart, Weimar 2008
- Hügli / Lübcke: Philosophielexikon (1991), ISBN 3-634-22405-3 / Geschichtlichkeit
- Jörg Baberowski: The sense of history: theories of history from Hegel to Foucault. Beck, Munich 2005, p. 102
- Martin Heidegger: Being and Time , 11th edition, Niemeyer, Tübingen 1967, 20; see especially the fifth chapter (§§ 72-77): Temporality and Historicity